Best way potato cultivation guide for beginners– The potato was first cultivated in South America seven thousand years ago. Botanical name is Solanum tuberosum , over the years potato has become an important crop for both farmers and consumers in the world.Fully discuss best way potato cultivation is the fourth most important crop by volume of production. It is high yielding, having a high nutritive value and gives high returns to farmers.
Best way potato cultivation guide for beginners
10 major point for health benefits
i) An excellent source of vitamin C
ii) Boost antioxidants.
iii) A good source of potassium
iv) Maintain Blood pressure
v) Feed your bones
vi) Only 110 calories per serving
vii) Control blood fugar
viii) Better brain functioning and nervous system’
ix) A good source of vitamin B6
x) Easy to Digest and skin care
Many countries are many varieties, I will be discuss Top 10 Indian main variety –
Generally potato is a cool season crop but it is adapted to wide range of climate conditions. It grows well in temperature between bay 200C-250C and night 160 C to 190C, Potato tuber growth reaches a maximum at 210C and decreases with temperature increase.
Soil requirements for best way potato cultivation
Potato can be growth on any well drained soils which are rich in organic matter. It prefers slightly acidic soils but cannot tolerate alkaline soil. The PH range for potato cultivation is 6.0-6.5. Any micro nutrients should be covered on the soil test results.
The land is ploughed at a depth of 24-25cm and exposed to the sun. The soil should have a higher pore space and after least resistance to tuber development well decomposed FYM (25-30 ton/ha) is mixed will be soil during last ploughing.
Seed rate & seed treatment for best way potato cultivation
About 3000-3500kg/ha of seed is required.
Use carbon disulphide 30g/100kg of seed for breaking the dormancy and including sprouting of tubers.
Tubers potato seed
The cost of seed tubers and spread of virus disease can be greatly minimized by using ‘true potato seeds’. The hybrids developed by central potato research institute viz. HPS 1/13, HPS11/13, and HPS 24/11 are suitable for true potato seed production. The seeds are raised in nursery beds like other vegetable and seedling are transplanted 30 days after sowing. For raising one ha of crop, a quantity of 100g seed is required.
Spacing for potato cultivation
Hilly areas where furrow method is followed, a spacing of 60cm x 30cm is maintained where as in plains. Ridges distance is keep as 45cm x 60 reducing the in row spacing to minimized oversized tuber production lead to higher quality tubers for fresh markets.
Irrigation for best way potato cultivation
Potato needs irrigation at frequent intervals, depending upon the soil and elimitick conditions, usually 6 irrigation is sufficient. Pre- sowing irrigation followed by 5-6 light irrigation’s. Drip irrigation helps Indian farmers increase potato yield. Irrigation should be stop a few days before harvesting.
Fertilizers in potato farming
Apply 15ton/ha FYM/compost/ vermin compost and mixed 2kg of Azospirillum can be applied in the soil when preparing the land for potato cultivation, The N:P:K requirement ratio is 120:50:225 kg/ha
Harvesting potato farming
When you should harvest depends on what type of potato you have planted. Early season potatoes take approximately 60-70 days to mature; mid-season more than 90 days. The potato plants leaves into yellow colour and easy separation of the tubers from their stolons indicate that the crop has reached maturity level. Allow freshly dug potatoes to sit in a dry, cool place (450-600 F) for up to two weeks. This allows their skins to cure, which will help them keep for longer. Collect potato’s very carefully most be taken for not injuring the tubers. Irrigation should be stopped couple of days before harvesting.
Yield for best way potato cultivation
On an average 15-20 ton/ha of tubers can be obtained.