Bottle gourd cultivation practices | Farming bottle gourd

Bottle gourd is one of the most popular vegetables in South East Asia, Europe, and America. It is the annual vegetable plant and it leaves are large and lush and the plant it. Let us have a look at How to plant bottle gourd or Bottle gourd cultivation practices Bottle gourd scientific name of Lagenaria siceraria, and family of Cucurbitaceae.  The vegetable in green stage and leaves with the stem are used as the vegetable and the bottle gourd used different purpose.

Bottle gourd plant photo

Top 10 Bottle gourd health Benefits

  • Helps to cool in the body
  • Provide better sleep
  • Prevent cardiovascular problems
  • Better liver problems
  • Improve bone health
  • Provided immune system
  • Helps for weight loss
  • Helps hair benefits
  • Glowing skin
  • Helps Heart healthy

Bottle gourd cultivation practices | How to plant Bottle gourd

Bottle gourd variety

Some common variety of bottle gourd is Samrat, Kalyanpur, CO1, Narendra Rashmi, Pusa Komal, Pusa Sandhesh, Pusa Naveen, Arka BaharSummer profile Round, Summer profile long and many more.

The Hybrid variety is- Pusa Hybrid 3 F, Kashi Bahar, TNAU bottle gourd, MGH 4 and many more.

Climate Required Bottle gourd farming

The hot and moist climate is favorable for bottle gourd cultivated. Bottle gourd grows well between 30-350 C. Seed germination temperature required between 20-250 C.  The plant’s required moderate rainfall and are sensitive to the flow of water.

Soil required for Bottle gourd cultivation practices

Bottle gourd can grow all types of soil but sandy loam soil is the best of bottle gourd cultivation. Soil pH range is 6.4-7.6 is the best, and land should be prepared thoroughly by 5-6 ploughings.

Seed rate

Normally seed rate bottle gourd cultivation is 4-6kg seeds per hector. Seed treatment is very important so at first seed treatment with Carbendazim 2gm/kg or Trichoderma viride 4gms/kg before sowings.

Bottle gourd seed

Sowing time Sowing method

Summer season crop time is January to February and rainy season crop time June to July

Generally, two to three seeds are sown per pit in 2.5-3.0 cm depth and spacing distance 2-3m x 1.0-1.5m.

Intercultural Operation

In the initial stage of development, two to three whipping is given to keep weeds closed. Rainy season is usually stalked often in a pudding made of bamboo and stick.

Manure and Fertilizer for Bottle gourd cultivation practices

Apply 20-ton Compost or Vermicompost or Farm yard manure per ha. NPk required 35:25:25 kg per ha. Apply half nitrogen and full Phosphorus, potash last stage of land preparation. After 35-40 days plant sowing, you can apply half nitrogen.

Nitrogen based fertilizers

Phosphorus based fertilizers

Potassium based fertilizers 


Summer season crops due to needing for heavy irrigation during the 4-5 days, rainy season crops do not require irrigation, and winter season crop irrigation required when the plant needed. Drip irrigation is the most advantages for bottle gourd cultivation.

Harvesting and Yield

The fruits should be harvested when they are still green and tender. Delay in harvesting caused the fruit to become unfit for marketing.

Bottle gourd yield depends on soil, climate, variety, fertilizers, but the average yield of bottle gourd is 95-120 quintal/ ha.

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