Category: fruit cultivation

lemon tree indoor plant | Growing a lemon tree indoor plant

Lemon is a very healthy improvement in fruits. These fruits are the crisp and tangy aroma of lemon is unmistakable and it uses many beauty products and many different households. Lemon Botanical name is Citrus Limonum and family is Rutaceae. This fruit is provided very high vitamin. So everyone can try growing a lemon tree indoors or lemon tree indoor plant.

Can I grow a lemon tree indoors

We told you yes you can grow a lemon tree indoors. At first, you can follow our article then fully understand. We step by step discuss as Soil type, Proper Climate, Variety, Season time, Fertilizers, water required, Protection pest and diseases and Harvesting & Yield.

Lemon tree in pot

lemon tree indoor plant | Growing lemon trees in pots

Pot Chose

At first, select a pot of 25% longer than the root ball of the plant. The clay vessel Is ideal because it is unclear than the plastic and the water flows from the side.

Choosing a Plant for lemon tree indoor plant

The Lemon plant can grow from seed but is not the best option for growing the lemon tree for indoor or pot. At first select, a disease-free plant age is two to three years old. So purchase a healthy beautiful lemon tree and This plant should buy one reputable nursery then avoid diseases or inferior plants.

Soil Required

All type soil you can grow the lemon tree but better result provided soil is heavy clay and high caliche soil, salty soil and pH levels between 5.5 to 7.0,

Climate Required for growing a lemon tree indoors

Growing lemon temperature range is 10-350 C. Sunlight required  7 to 8 hours essential for plant growth. If you increase the growth of a lemon tree, it must improve the specific moisture level, 50% is ideal.

World Top 10 lemon pot Variety

  • Australian Finger Lime
  • Improve Meyer Lemon
  • Calamondin
  • Dwarf Bearss Seedless Lime
  • Kumquat
  • Minneola Tangelo
  • Kieffer
  • Wekiwa Tangelo
  • Yuzu (Japanese Citron)
  • Owari Satsuma Mandarin Orange

Lemon tree small age

Water Required

A first check the moisture level before watering. Lemon-tree water required regularly but this tress leaves fall regularly then stop regularly water and gives water during 3-4 days.

Lemon Diseases Control 

Lemon diseases are the big problem. Ths main attack lemon diseases are Scrab, Damping of Seedling, Ring Sport, Gummosis. We also discuss one article you can study this article then fully understand how to lemon disease identification.

Fertilizer Required for lemon tree indoor plant

You can use Organic manure then more come Flower and fruits. When you prepared pot this time you can apply Compost orVermicompost or Farm yard manure 100-150gm and apply Chemical fertilizer NPK 12:6:6 gm. After six months you can apply same organic manure does,  one month later and later apply Urea (5gm) mixed water. Apply after six-month Micronutrients as Iron, Zinc and Manganese.

Harvesting for lemon tree indoor plant

Harvesting depends on climate, soil types and variety. When your lemon fruits are soft and turn yellow this time you pick up. Use shears to pick up the lemon tree otherwise fruits get ready then pick up with finger easily.

Growing litchi tree | Litchi tree information | Health Benefits

Litchi is the most important testy fruit in the world, This fruit is very famous for its pleasant flavor and pulp. It provided a high amount of Vitamins, B Vitamin, Calcium, Protein, Iron, Manganese, Potassium, Manganese etc. Let us how to growing litchi tree. Litchi Botanical name is Litchi Chinensis, and family is Sapindaceae. Litchi cultivated top country is China, Taiwan, Thailand, India, Madagascar, South Africa, Australia and many more.

Litchi plant fruit

Top 10 Health Benefits of Litchi fruits

  • Provided Vitamin C
  • Aids Digestion
  • Improve Blood Circulation
  • Skin Protection
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agent
  • Aid Weight Loss
  • Regulation Blood Pressure
  • Create strong Bones
  • Provided Hair growth
  • Anti Cancerous

Growing litchi tree | Litchi tree information

Climate

Litchi farming well in the humid environment in the subtotal climate. The characterization of the fruit size and other fruits development by the humidity in the atmosphere. These fruit trees are not tolerated frost and it is best grown and yield for optimum temperature is 26-340C, yearly rainfall required 1200mm.

Soil for Growing litchi tree

It can grow any variety of soil. It is a deep dietary soil with the deep organic matter and it produces well with a strong force. Litchi crops cannot tolerate high pH and saline soils. Litchi cultivation soil pH range is 5.0-7.0 is the best.

Variety

Popular variety litchi is Souey Tung, Wai Chee, Sah Keng, Kaimana, Tai So, Bengal, Salathiel, Fay Zee Siu, Kwai May Pink and many more.

Litchi litlte age

Sowing time and Spacing

The best time litchi planting is May- June, this time can be help climate for establishing for the new plant, and you can cultivate also done in August- September, where there are irrigation facilities. The planting plant chose two years old plant.

The difference between row to row  8-10 meter and plant to plant 8-9 meter, this method planting then accommodated in the one-hectare plant are a 121-144 plant.

Sowing Depth  Method

Two weeks before planting the prepared 1 x 1 x 1-meter pad, the desired place was dug.The fill pad 20-25kg cow dung or Vermicompost, 2kg bone meal, and 300gm Mop. After filling it sprinkle some water, planting a plant in the middle of the hole.

Intercrops

It is a slow-growing crop required time 8-10 years for the commercial bearing. This time you can intercrop 3-4 years can be taken. As well as improving the soil condition, along with enrichment of soil, we also provide additional annual income for weed control. You can be intercropping Vegetable (Cucumber, ridge gourd, bitter gourd) and pulses are the best.

Fertilizers for Growing litchi tree

Litchi plant required organic manure for their roots for good growth. It is a well-established fact that severe shortages of NPK hamper vegetables and reproductive growth of litchi. Small-scale manufactures like Gene, B, and K also play an important role in litchi nutrients in the soil, especially flowers, fruit sets, fruit preserves and fruit quality. You can flow this chart

Age of PlantFarm yeard Manor           UreaSuperphosphate Murieta of Potassium
         1-3         10-30kg       100-300gm       200-300gm      100-150gm
         4-6         40-60kg       400-600gm       450-600gm     200-300gm
        7-10        65-90kg       700-900gm      750-1000gm     300-450gm
   10 Plus age          100kg         1000gm     1200-1400gm       500gm

Irrigation for Growing litchi tree

You can apply irrigation all stages of plant development.  For litchi fruit growing you can apply approximately 2-3 irrigations for 45-60 days. And summer month time you can irrigate after 12-15 days. Heavy rain following prolonged draught causes fruit to crack.

Harvesting

After the fifth year of planting, litchi trees start bearing. The yield continues to increase with the increase in tree size up to 20 years of age. The fruit bunch in the crop. When harvesting, take a little portion of the leaves and branches. If you can deliver local market harvesting is to be done when they start to turn pink.You can study world Based Litchi production report.

Growing litchi tree

After harvesting the colored of fruits depends on the size of the crop, and carefully removed damage and cracked fruits. Store litchi fruits at 1.6-1.70 C.  At this temperature, the fruit can be stored for 8-12 weeks.

Yield (Litchi tree information)

Litchi fruit depends on yielding on variety, climate, soil. On an average litchi yields up to 50-100kg per tree annually.

 

Guava farming Techniques | Cultivation | Guava plant Information

Guava is the most popular tropics fruits. It considered as one of the exquisite and nutritionally valuable and remunerative crops. Guava Botanical name is Psidium guajava, and family is Myrtaceae. Guava cultivated top country is India, China, Thailand, Pakistan, Mexico, Indonesia, Brazil, Bangladesh, Philippines, and Nigeria. Let us have look at Guava farming Techniques or Guava Plant Information. Guava is a relatively slow grower that develops fruit after 2 years. It is a rich source of Vitamin C, Pectin and a good source of Phosphorus, Calcium.

Guava plant

 Top 10 Health Benefits of Guava fruits

  • Diabetes-Friendly
  • Lowers Risk of Cancer
  • Improve Eyesight
  • Treats Constipation
  • Guava During Pregnancy
  • Good for Brain
  • Weight Loss
  • Improves Complexion
  • Regulation of Blood Pressure Levels
  • Prevent Stomach Problem

Guava farming Techniques | Cultivation

Climate Required

Guava can grow under tropical and subtropical climate. The rainfall needed 800-1000 mm from June to Last September and It can be cultivated under both rainfed and irrigated condition. Young plants are susceptible to drought and cold condition. Winter season-low night temperature best quality for guava fruits.

Soil Required

Almost all soils type soil suitable for guava cultivation, it is sensitive to waterlogging. Alkaline soil is not suitable for higher guava production and topsoil should be rich for a better stand.  Soil PH maintain then gives higher production, and PH range is 5.0-8.0

Variety for Guava farming Techniques

The popular variety is- Allahabad Surkha, Lalit, Lucknow- 49, Allahabad Safeda, Baruipur local, Harijha and many more.

The Hybrid varied is Kohir safeda, Arka Amula, Safed Jam, Purple Malaysian, White Malaysian, Benjamin, Mexican Cream and many more.

Guava flower

Land Preparation

Land should be prepared with deeply ploughed, and create a drain their excess water drain out. Removed all weeds in previous crops. At first soil testing then apply Organic manure in last ploughed.

Planting for Guava farming Techniques

The pits size is 0.6 x 0.6 x0.6m or big pit size 1.0 x1.0 1.0 m dimension should be dug the monsoon and after 20 days you should be the field with soil mixture 15-20 kg Organic manure and 500gm Singel Superphosphate.

Season and Spacing 

Planting should be done in rainy season, June- July is the best season or October – November moths depend on rainfall.

Guava plant spacing depends on variety, soil fertility, availability of irrigation. Standard spacing up to 6m x 6m (112 plants/acre), Traditional planting spacing up to 5.5 x 7.0m, Model scheme distance up to 4.5 x 4.5m and Commonly distanced up to 3.5 x 5.5m.

Guava Manure and fertilizers

The fertilizers required depending on soil fertility. Otherwise, you can apply NPK @ 110:40:40gm per year up to 3 years same does. The fertilizers divided two parts- one part applies January month and other parts apply August month. More information about guava fertilizers recommendation, you can study this article then fully understand.

Irrigation

Generally, irrigation water is not needed during the growing period, but 10-12 times per year supplied water then plant growth healthy. Guava mostly grows in the rainy daytime. Winter season time you can apply irrigation 20-25 days, and the summertime you can apply irrigation 10-15 days.

Drip Irrigation (Told us Guava farming Techniques)

Drip irrigation provided very profitably for guava cultivation, This method can save 60% water, labour cost. It is very useful in the low watering regions. Drip irrigation improves fertilizers efficiency and fruits quality.

Intercropping

Fast three years you can cultivate Pineapple, Cucumber, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Papaya, Tomato, chilli, Okra,  Beans and many more.

Guava Pest and Diseases

If you cultivated, then facing many problems as Pest and Diseases, we already discussed Guava pest and Diseases. Study this article then solve your problems.

Guava plant fruit

Harvest and Yield (Told us Guava farming Techniques)

Harvesting time depends on the variety. The fruits come in the 4-5 months after flowering. Winter crop gives better quality fruits then rainy season crops. Crop frequency for rainy season 2-3 days, and winter season crop frequency 4-5 days.

Guava yield depending depends on variety, soil, climate, irrigation, the age of plant and fertilizers. First yielding start third year with 4-5kg, after eight years later 100-150kg fruits per plant. The average guava fruit yields 25 ton/ha.

Mango plant information | How to grow a Mango tree

Mango is one of the preferred and most ancient fruits known to mankind and it is called the king of fruits. In addition to the delicious flavors of excellent flavor and attractive aroma, it is rich in vitamin A and C. Mango Botanical name is Mangifera indica L, and family is Anacardiaceae. Let us have a look at How to grow a mango tree or Mango plant information. Top five mango production country are India, China, Thailand, Indonesia, Mexico. Worldwise an area of 4946 thousand ha with a production 37.12 million ton (Approx).

Mango tree with fruits

10 Mango Health benefits

i) Prevent Hert Disease

ii) May help Treat Diabetes

iii) Improve Digestion

iv) Promote Healthy Sex

v) Aid Weight Loss

vi) Improve Eye Health

vii) Regulate Blood Pressure

viii) Boost Bone Health

ix) Promote Brain Health

x) Improve Hair Health

Mango plant information | How to grow a mango tree

Climate Require

Since mango season droughts in a seasonal tropical environment arise within a certain time. Mango can tolerate expansive from the tropical climate to the tropical area. This is the best result for low rainfall and low relative humidity in the flowering stage, fruit setting and Harvest required a warm to hot climate during the fruit development. The young tree killed by temperature below 0.50C. Mango tree cultivation best temperature is 24-290 C, but hot temperature (up to 480 C) cultivated just required trees are getting regular irrigation.

Soils Required

Mango grows all type of soil but light sands to heavy clays soil are very good. Alkaline soil not suitable for successful mango cultivation. The soil with very inferior, rocky and solid layers should be avoided. Check your soil PH to see it is a sufficient acidity range. The trees have grown well in the soil that has a PH of 4.5-7. Prepare the soil so that it spreads to about three feet deep because it will give plenty of space to spread the roots.

Mango tree plant

Mango Variety

Top 10 Variety are- Pairi (May-June), Himsagar (April-May), Safeda (April-June), Totapuri(June-July), Alphonso (May-June), Neelam (May-July), Dussehri(June-July), Kesar (June-July), Langra (July-August), and Chausa (July-August).

More information Mango variety then study this article.

Mango planting season (Mango plant information)

Planting usually done in July to August in rainfed areas and February to March in irrigated areas.

Spacing Required

The spacing distance is 10m. x 10m. and 12m. x 12m. in dry and moist zones. In model scheme spacing of 8m. x8m. (63 plants per acre). Physical higher growth plants spacing required of 13m. x 13m.

Training and Pruning (Mango plant information)

From the base of the main trunk should be kept free from the almost one-meter branch and after 20-25 centimeters away from the original stem, this can be separated so that they increase from different directions. The branches that can fracture each other on each other may move the pencil thickly.

Fertilizers required

In general Urea 160-180gm, Single super Phosphate 110-120gm and potash 110-115gm per plant/year. If you want to study more knowledge about Mango fertilizers required then study this article.

Irrigation (Mango plant information)

Mango trees are strongly in nature, so less water is needed than other commercial fruits trees. Then you should be irrigated at an interval of8 to 12 days. Irrigation is not recommended for 2-3 months because flowering as it is likely to promote vegetable growth at the expense of flowering. When the mango three come fruits this stage about two irrigation is essential.

Mango tree Pest and diseases control

Mango tree diseases totally damage mango fruits then down market value. so how to control mango tree diseases, and How to control Mango pest, read this article there fully describe.

Mango plant information

Harvesting and yield (Mango plant information)

When mango color is changed to dark green to light green, and harvesting after start few fruits dropping the morning time. Harvested fruits are kept on gunny bags under shade.

when 3-4 years old a mango gives 10-20 fruits per year, 5 years later a mango tree gives 50-80 fruits per year, 10 years old a mango tree gives 400-500 fruit, And when a mango tree age of 20 plus age they give 1000-3000 fruits per year.

Papaya plant information guide

Papaya plant information-The papaya is one of the important delicious fruits crop grown in the tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Total papaya annual world production is estimated at 6 million tones of fruits, India leads the world in papaya production with an annual of about 3 million tonnes. Papaya plant information– family name is coricaeae, and its botanical name is Carica papaya. Top papaya production countries in the world – India, Brazil, Indonesia, Nigeria, Mexico. The papaya is highly productive and it’s easy to grow as short duration crop.

papaya cultivation
papaya cultivation

Papaya plant information guide

Papaya Health benefits/ Papaya fruit benefit

i) Its promote weight loss.

ii) It provides relief from a toothache

iii) It helps in skin care.

iv) It has anticancer properties.

v) It prevents arthritis

vi) Papaya good for macular degeneration

vii) Papaya provide vitamin A, B-9, C.

viii) Papaya prevents for diabetics.

ix) Papaya great for your eyes.

x) Papaya promotes hair growth.

Climate requires for papaya farming

Papaya is a tropical plant that grows best in warmer climates. The night temperature below 12-140 C for several hours during winter season affects its growth and production severely. It is very much sensitive to frost, strong winds, and water stagnation. Papaya cool winter condition will slow growth plant have to be protected by covering with gunny bags under North India condition.

The temperature of the locality influences the types of flower and fruit that are formed on a tree.

Variety of  Papaya plant information

Papaya varieties are Pusa Dwarf, Pusa Giant, Pusa Majesty, Pusa Delicious, Pusa Dwarf, Washington, Ranchi, Taiwan-786 etc.

Papaya plant
Papaya plant

Soil requires for papaya cultivation

Papaya as a filter is grown plants to sub mountains areas. Papaya best performance has been observed on rich looms of uniform texture up to about 15cm deep with a PH range of 6.5 to 7.0 They can grow in most kinds of soils but it must be well drained when water stagnation for few days can be harmful.

Planting for papaya cultivation

Papaya cultivation planting during the time is spring (February-March), Monsoon(June-July), and autumn(October-November).

Spacing

Papaya trees must be spaced 8-10 feet apart from each other.

Irrigation

For better growth, production and quality the optimum soil moisture is maintained by irrigation the crop Judiciously. Papaya plant information requires irrigating every two weeks for the winter season and 9-10 days in summer season. Drip irrigation system is be given per plant per day should be a world out critically.

papaya flower
papaya flower

Fertilizer for papaya farming

Apply FYM or Compost or Vermicompost 10kg/plant and chemical fertilizer dosing is 50gm each of N:P:K, Apply 20gm each of Azospirillum and phosphobacterium.

After one month goes you can apply Calcium Nitrate-15kg, Zinc sulfate 15kg, Humic acid 5kg Potash 50kg per Acre.

Then papaya plant will be three months you can apply DAP-75kg, Potash-75kg per Acre.

Then plant will be going to 6 months you can apply DAP-75kg, Micro Nutrient 10kg, Potash 75kg, Ammonium Sulphate 30kg, Magnesium sulfate 30kg per Acre.

Every six month goes you can apply the last 6-month dosing.

Micronutrients

Spray ZnSo4 0.5% + H2Bo3 0.1% during 4th and 8th month to increase growth and yield character.

Study: Papaya tree disease treatment

Harvesting

It is easy to identify the papaya fruits which are ready for harvesting. Fruit thinning should be done to get well-sized fruits. Proper size is attained after 5-6 month of flowering. Near ripening, fruits change color from green to yellowish green. Fruits should be harvest maturity.

Papaya yield

The economic life of papaya plant is only 3- 4years.

Approx yield /year                                    kg/ha

1st                                                             150-200

2nd                                                           200-250

3rd                                                             75-100

Know more papaya cultivation

If you any question about ‘Papaya plant information’ then comment the below section.

carrot cultivation information guide carrot farming

There same thin very satisfying about growing your own carrots. For a start it is very easy t have  a supply of carrot cultivation for at least nine months of the year and even longer with a bit of luck and good management.

Carrot cultivation technique in India

Carrot is one of the nutrition vegetable grown throughout the world. Commercial cultivation of carrot is successful in most of the regions. About 60% of world carrot cultivation production in Asia alone. Carrots common to Asia have purple pink or red skins, with yellow or orange cores. Growing and harvesting carrots is a great way to take advantage of there nutrient  benefits. Carrot farming plays major role in India economy as it is major vegetable crop in India.

Varieties of carrot breeds in India

There are many varieties of carrot grown in Asia. Here are some of popular varieties is below-

Hills– Ooty-1, Early Nantes and new korods.

Plains– India Gold,pusa keser, and half long Danvers.

carrot cultivation in india
carrot cultivation in india

Soil of carrot cultivation-

Carrot is a cool season crop and will develop agood colour when grown at 150 c to 200 c . The crop needs deep loose loamy soil. It requires a ph ranging from 6.0-7.0 for higher production.

Best season carrot cultivation

Hills season– At elevation above 1500 meters, carrot can be grown throughout the year under assured irrigation. At elevations between 1000-1500 meters, carrot can be grown in July- February.

Plains – August.

Seed rate carrot cultivation – About 4kg/ha is required.

Plant spacing of Carrot farming

Mark the rows with spacing 25-30cm apart. Sow the seeds mixed with sand lone part of seed with one part of sands. (One of seed with one part of sand)

Thning of carrot farming

Hills– 10cm between plants.

Plains– 5cm between plants.

Preparation of field carrot cultivation

Hills– Prepare the land to a fine title and form raised.

Plains– Two ploughing are given and furrows are formed at 30cm spacing.

Seed treatment carrot cultivation

The following ways seeds can be treated before sowing in the garden-

i) Carrot out the seed treatment with 5% Trichoderma viride.

ii) Carry out the seed treatment with cow pat pit @ 3 grams in 1 litre of water for 24 hours.

iii) Seedling root dip with 5% of pseudomanas fluarescns before trans planting in the main field.

Irrigation in carrot cultivation

Give light Irrigation while sowing the seeds in the field. On an average, it requre irrigation in 4 to 5 days interval. During drought periods, after giving irrigatio in the evening, crops beds should be cover wet wet climatic condition. This also makes seeds to germination quickly.

Manures and fertilizer carrot cultivation

Well rotten from yard manure (FYM) of 30 to 35 tonnes should be applied during land preparation. This may be increased up to 50 tonnes/ha in case of organic carrot farming. The N.P.K. of 90:90:90 kg/ha should be applide  as  basal done N:P:K 45:45:45 kg/ha should be applied after 45 days of sowing the seeds. Application 25kg of ZnSo4  per ha a basal also recommended.

Growth regulator in carrot cultivation

i) Foliar spraying of panchagavya @3% at 10 days interval from 1st month.

ii) Spraying 10% vermiwash 5 times 15 days interval from one month after sowing.

iii) Foliar spray of horn silica @2.5g/ha in 50 litres of water on 65th day after sowing to increase the yield and quality of the carrot roots.

carrot farming
carrot farming

Pest and disease carrot cultivation

Carrot is not much affected by pests but two pest attack. Please click link then full study carrot Disease pest

Rot knot nematode carrot farming

i) Growing carrot one in 3 years by following cropotation.

ii) Growing marigold once in 2 years.

iii) Application of paecllomyces lilacinus @ 10kg/ha before sowing seeds.

Yield carrot cultivation– 20-30 t/ha in 100-120 days.

Post Harvesting carrot cultivation

Carrot should be graded based on other size and length. The carrots should ideally unifrom in all aspects and similar shape for the variety, well formed, smooth, firm but of tender texture. It should also be free from harvest damage, decacy or disease for best quality marketing. Markets can be done on daily basis to local markets or can be packed for imports to long distance markets.

More study Agriculture pest and disease click here

Study pesticide click here

 

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