Category: Pesticide

Monocrotophos mode of action | Azodrin | Use pests | Formulation

Monocrotophos is an Organophosphate insecticide. Another name is Azodrin. This pesticide is principally used in agriculture. Letus have a look at Monocrotophos mode action.

The Chemical name is  dimethyl-1-methyl-2-methyl carbamoyl-vinyl phosphate.

PubChem CID   5371562

Molecular Formula C7H14NO5P

Molecular weight  223.065gm/mol

Monocrotophos mode action

  • It is a Systemic and contact action pesticide. It works for an Acaricide. As soon as works and the works for continue.
  • This pesticide does not use Vegetable crops.
  • This pesticide use – Brown plant Hopper, Hispa, caterpillar, Green leaf Hopper, Aphids, Jasid, Thrips, Mealy Bug, Whitefly, Cut-worms, Green leaf folder and many more.
  • Monocrotophos pesticide using crops are Paddy, Maize, Oilseed, Flower, Tea, Coffee, Sugarcane, and many more.

Monocrotophos Formulation– 36%SL

Monocrotophos Dosage– 36%SL 1.5ml/liter of water. (1125ml/ha)

Monocrotophos Tradename– Azodrin, Bilobrin, Glore, Crotos, Phos 36, More-phos, Monocron, Susvin, Nuvacron-600 and many more.

Zineb fungicide mode of action | Dithane Z-78

Zineb fungicide mode action– Zineb is an Agricultural fungicide. It is the Sulphur based fungicide. Group of Carbamate. This pesticide color is yellow mixed white. If you store much time working period then destroy the fungicide.

Zineb fungicide mode action

  • It is the contact fungicide. You can also use the spray in leaf, seed treatment, and soil treatment.
  • Zineb pesticide has Zinc elements and it provides nutrient to Paddy and tomato.
  • You can also use diseases- Early blight, late blight, Downy mildew, Anthracnose, Rhizobium wilt, Paddy blight, Seedling blight, Black rust, False smut and many more.
  • Use plant name – Pulses, Carpas, oilseeds, fruits, flower, Paddy, Potato, Wheat and many more.

Zineb chemical identification

  • Zineb full name is Zinc ethylene bis thiocarbamate
  • PubChem CID is 5284484
  • Molecular weight  275.726 gm/mol
  • Molecular Formula  C4H6N2S4Zn

Zineb fungicide mode action

Zineb using dose

205gm/liter of water (1875gm/ha)

Zineb Agricultural use formulation:-  75% WP

Trade Name  Dithane Z-78, Polygram Z, Parzate, Indofil Z-78, Dhanu Z-78, Zinoviev, Dixon

Mancozeb fungicide mode of action | Dithane M-45

Mancozeb fungicide mode action- Zinc, salt, and Manab fully mixed then made of Mancozeb. There are 20% Manganese and 20% Zink. Manab means is Manganese Ethylene Bis.

Mancozeb fungicide mode action

Mancozeb is a sulphur group dithiocarbamate non-systemic fungicide.  Manab is yellow color and water dissolved.

Top 5 Advantage of Mancozeb

i) Mancozeb is a Contact and systemic fungicides.

ii) The Mancozeb is working as a chalet agent.

iii) You can also use the seed treatment, Plant treatment, and soil treatment.

iv) You can use diseases are Late Blight, Early Blight, Powdery Scab, Leaf Spot, Blight, Powdery Mildew, Black Rust, Stem rust, Scab, Anthracnose and many more.

v) You can use plant are- Paddy, Wheat, Sunflower, Sesamum, Papaya, Brinjal, Potato, Chilli, Snake gourd, Bitter gourd, flower, fruits and many more.

Mancozeb fungicide made action

Mancozeb chemical Identification

  • Molecular weight  332.71
  • CAS Number   8018-01-7(New number) 8065-67-6 (Old number)
  • CA DPR chem. Code   211
  • U.S.EPA PC Code  014504

Mancozeb use formulation 75% WP and 35% SC

Mancozeb using Does

  • 75% WP- Seed Treatment 3-4gm/kg of seed, Spray 2.5gm /liter of water.
  • 35% SC-  Spray 1ml/liter of water.

Trade Name of Mancozeb

  • 75% WP- Dithane M-45, Indofil M-45, Manget, Anu M-45, Hilthane, Hindusthan M-45 and many more.
  • 35% SC-  Flowin, Hydroman, AR-35.

 

  Acaricide products list / Acaricide products name with trade name

Acaricide is pesticides that kill ticks and mites, closely related groups of invertebrates. Acaricide products list is one poet of a strategy for controlling ticks around homes and should be combined with measures to reduce tick habitats.

    An acaricide for tick control will include active ingredients like Dicofol, chorobenzilate, Fenson, chlorofenson, Tretradifar, Aramite, quinomeththionat. This acaricide products list chemicals are sometimes called acaricide insecticides, but ticks are arachnids, not insects, so this is not technically accurate. Some acaricides are available for homeowners to use, others can only be sold to licensed applicators, so you will need to hire a professional to apply them.
 

Acaricides are not allocated to specific groups based on their target site. Reviewed and re-issued periodically, the ICAR MoA classification list provides farmers, growers, advisors, extension staff, consultants and crop protection professionals with a guide to the selected of acaricides in resistance management of this type preserves the utility diversity of available acaricides.

 
acaricides
acaricides
 

 Acaricide products list with Trade name

Dicofol-
                  1, 1-bis (p-chlorophenyl)-2, 2, 2-trichloroethanol (C16H14C3Cl2) is effective against phytophagous mites at all stage. Trade name : Kelthane  ; Formulations : 20 EC; 20% atomizing solution; dust ; LD50 for rats : oral 668-882 mg/kg; dermal 1870 mg/kg.

 

Chlorobenzilate-
                             (Ethyl 4, 4-dichlorobenzilate) is very effective against mites infesting ornamental plants. Trade name : Akar ; Formulations : 25 WP and 25 EC ; LD50for rats : oral 2784-3880 mg tech./kg.
Fenson-
                 It is similar to chlorofenson and marketed as 20%WP and EC.
Chlorofenson-
                         (4-Chlorophenyl 4-chlorobenzene sulphonate). It is toxic to eggs and immature stages of sap-feeding mites. Formulations : 50% WP.
 
Tetradifon-
                    (S-p-chlorophenyl  2, 4, 5 –trichlorophenly sulphone ). It is an excellent miticide for ornamental plants. Trade name : Tedion V-18 ; Formulations : 8% ingredient and smoke generations. LD50for rats : oral> 14700 mg/kg.
Aramite(2-chloroethyl 2-p-tert-Butyl phenoxy)- isopropal sulphite)-. 
                           It is an ideal acaricide as it controls the mites and is not toxic to man, animals, and predators, but it may cause irritation to the skin. Trade name : Aracide, Niagaramite ; Formulations : 3-4%dust, 15%WP,25%EC. LD50for rats : oral 3900mg/kg.
Quinomethionat (C10H6N2OS2)-(Acaricide products list)
                            It is effective against all stages of mites. It is also a fungicides action against powdery mildews.  Trade name : Morestan ; Formulation : WP ; LD50 for rats : oral 2500-3000 mg/kg ; dermal 500mg/kg.

miscellaneous pesticide with Action/miscellaneous pesticide trade name


Miscellaneous pesticide with trade name

 
Pyrroles
                  The pyrroles are represented by the lead compound pirate which is a board spectrum insecticide/acarecide. Because of different mode action ( uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation), it is effective against insects such as diamondback moth and tobacco budworm which have developed resitance  to many insecticides.
Phenylpyrazoles
                               Fibronil is a new phenylpyrazole insecticide that has excellent activity against many soil and foliar insects. This broad spectrum insecticide is highly active via ingestion, contact and systemic routes. Its unique action as a potent blocker of the GABA-gated chloride channel makes it effective against insects resistant to carbamate , organophosphate and pyretheroid.
Chloronicotinyl insecticides
                               I m, dacloprid (1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)-methyl ]-N-nitro-2-imidazolidinimine) is a contact and systemic insecticide with superior activity against sucking insects such as aphides, leafhoppers, planthoppers, thrips and whiteflies. It has a novel mode of excellent systemic and good residual characteristics, it is especially appropriate for seed treatment and soil application.
Abamectin
                    It is an Miscellaneous pesticide –cum-acaricide having a mixture containing >80% avermectin B1aand <20% overmectin B16 . It has contact and stomach action, and is effective against mites and leaf miners on vegetables, citrus, etc.
Cartap hydrochloride
                                  [S,(S-2- dimethylaminotrimethylene) bis (thiocarbamate) hydrochloride ] or [1,3-bis carbomylthio]-2-(N, N-dimethyl-amino ) propane hydrochloride ]. It is systemic with stomach and contact action, and is effective against rice stem borer and leaf folder, sugarcane shoot borer, cabbage diamondback moth, etc.
Spinosad
                    It is natural source insecticides containing a mixture of two components derived from fermentation technology produced by saccharopolyspora spinosa, a species of actionomycete. It is active against American bollworm, leafhopper, aphid and whitefly on cotton at 75-100 g a.i/ha.

carbamate insecticides chemical name/carbamate insecticides trade name

Carbamate insecticides with chemical name and trade name

Carbamate Insecticides mode of action.

The carbamate insecticides  are esters of carbamic acid. Unlike organophosphates, carbamets are not struturally complex presently the volume of carbamates used exceeds that of organophosphates, become carbamates are considered to be safer than organophosphats.

       1.  Calbaryl(C12H11NO2)-

                                             Is a contact insecticide with slight systemic action. It is used againsl insect pests of fruits, vegetable, cotton and other crops including those which have developed resistance to chlorinated hydrocarbons and organophosphatic insecticides. It is effect against leaf eating caterpillars, beetle larvae, boll weevils of cotton and many lepidopterous insects. It is ineffective against mites. Trade name : sevin, Killex, carbaryl, Caravet , Hexavin ; Formulations : dusts (2.5%, 5% and 10%), 85%SP , 50WP, 4% granules. Sevimol 40LV contains carbaryl plus molasses ; LD50for rats : oral 280-850 mg/kg;  dermal > 4000 mg/kg.

     2. Arprocarb(C11H15NO3)-

                                         Is a broad spectrum insecticide with contact action. It produces rapid knock down effect and his extremely long residual action. It is effective against flies , mosquitoes, cockroaches and other household pests including ants and millipedes. It is also useful in the control of sucking insects like aphids, capsids, scales, mealy bugs and thrips. Trade name : Baygon, Blattanex, Unden ; Formulations : 20% EC, 50% WP and dusts (1%), or 5%granuls.; LD50for rats : oral 90-128 mg/kg; dermal 200-1000mg/kg.
     3. Carbofuran(C11H15NO3)-
                       Is a systemic insecticide and nematicide effective against sucking and soil inhabiting insect . It is recommended for the control of sorghum shoot fly. Trade name : Furadan ; Formulations  : 50% WP 3% granule ; LD50 for rats : oral 8.8to 14.1 mg/kg and dermal 10-20 mg/kg.
    4. Aldicarb(C7H14N2O3S)-
                           Is a systemic insecticide, acaricide and nematicide. It is extremely toxic to mammals . Trade name : Temik ; Formulation : 10% granuls ; LD50for rats : oral 0.93 mg/kg; dermal rabbit 5mg/kg.
    5. Oxamyl-
                   Is a systemic compound effective against insects, nematodes and mites. Trade name : Vydate ; LD50 for rats : oral 5.4 mg/kg.
    6. Zectran(Mexacarbate)-
                               Is systemic with both insecticidal and acaricidal activity. It is toxic to snails and slugs. LD50for rats : oral 293 mg/kg.
     7. Carbothion(sodium N-methyldithiocarbamate)-
                          Is used for control of nematodes. It acts as a nematicide, fungicidesand weedicide.  Trade name : Vapam ; Formulations : 40% EC , LD50 for rats : oral 820mg/kg.
                                 
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