Category: Vegetable cultivation

Bottle gourd cultivation practices | Farming bottle gourd

Bottle gourd is one of the most popular vegetables in South East Asia, Europe, and America. It is the annual vegetable plant and it leaves are large and lush and the plant it. Let us have a look at How to plant bottle gourd or Bottle gourd cultivation practices Bottle gourd scientific name of Lagenaria siceraria, and family of Cucurbitaceae.  The vegetable in green stage and leaves with the stem are used as the vegetable and the bottle gourd used different purpose.

Bottle gourd plant photo

Top 10 Bottle gourd health Benefits

  • Helps to cool in the body
  • Provide better sleep
  • Prevent cardiovascular problems
  • Better liver problems
  • Improve bone health
  • Provided immune system
  • Helps for weight loss
  • Helps hair benefits
  • Glowing skin
  • Helps Heart healthy

Bottle gourd cultivation practices | How to plant Bottle gourd

Bottle gourd variety

Some common variety of bottle gourd is Samrat, Kalyanpur, CO1, Narendra Rashmi, Pusa Komal, Pusa Sandhesh, Pusa Naveen, Arka BaharSummer profile Round, Summer profile long and many more.

The Hybrid variety is- Pusa Hybrid 3 F, Kashi Bahar, TNAU bottle gourd, MGH 4 and many more.

Climate Required Bottle gourd farming

The hot and moist climate is favorable for bottle gourd cultivated. Bottle gourd grows well between 30-350 C. Seed germination temperature required between 20-250 C.  The plant’s required moderate rainfall and are sensitive to the flow of water.

Soil required for Bottle gourd cultivation practices

Bottle gourd can grow all types of soil but sandy loam soil is the best of bottle gourd cultivation. Soil pH range is 6.4-7.6 is the best, and land should be prepared thoroughly by 5-6 ploughings.

Seed rate

Normally seed rate bottle gourd cultivation is 4-6kg seeds per hector. Seed treatment is very important so at first seed treatment with Carbendazim 2gm/kg or Trichoderma viride 4gms/kg before sowings.

Bottle gourd seed

Sowing time Sowing method

Summer season crop time is January to February and rainy season crop time June to July

Generally, two to three seeds are sown per pit in 2.5-3.0 cm depth and spacing distance 2-3m x 1.0-1.5m.

Intercultural Operation

In the initial stage of development, two to three whipping is given to keep weeds closed. Rainy season is usually stalked often in a pudding made of bamboo and stick.

Manure and Fertilizer for Bottle gourd cultivation practices

Apply 20-ton Compost or Vermicompost or Farm yard manure per ha. NPk required 35:25:25 kg per ha. Apply half nitrogen and full Phosphorus, potash last stage of land preparation. After 35-40 days plant sowing, you can apply half nitrogen.

Nitrogen based fertilizers

Phosphorus based fertilizers

Potassium based fertilizers 


Summer season crops due to needing for heavy irrigation during the 4-5 days, rainy season crops do not require irrigation, and winter season crop irrigation required when the plant needed. Drip irrigation is the most advantages for bottle gourd cultivation.

Harvesting and Yield

The fruits should be harvested when they are still green and tender. Delay in harvesting caused the fruit to become unfit for marketing.

Bottle gourd yield depends on soil, climate, variety, fertilizers, but the average yield of bottle gourd is 95-120 quintal/ ha.

If you have any question Bottle gourd cultivation practices this article then feel free to ask me in the below comment section-

Pumpkin Planting guide | Pumpkin Cultivation information

Pumpkin is a very popular vegetable in the world. It cultivated in the summer and rainy season. It is the round and long shape. This vegetable use daily cooking and preparation sweet. Pumpkin botanical name is Cucurbita maxima, and family is Cucurbitaceous. Let us have look at Pumpkin Planting guide or Pumpkin cultivation information.  Top country pumpkin cultivation is China, India, Russian Federation, Ukraine, United States and many more country’s.This vegetable young stem, leaves, and flowers have used many medicinal properties.

Pumpkin cultivation

Top 10 Health Benefits of Pumpkin

  • It protects your eyes
  • It protects your prostate
  • Younger Looking Skin
  • Lower Cancer Risk
  • It helps for Weight Loss
  • Boosts Immunity
  • It maintains Hearth Health
  • It helps Diabetes
  • It prevents skin
  • Boosts Male Sexual Health

Pumpkin Planting guide | Best way to plant pumpkins


It is a hot seasonal crop but it can prevent cold weather. Pumpkin needs minimum temperature 180 C in an early stage, Pumpkin cultivation temperature required is 24-280 C.

Soil for Pumpkin Planting guide

This vegetable growing all types of soil, but clay loam and sandy loam soil is the best for pumpkin cultivation. Soil pH range is 6-7.

Best Pumpkin Variety

Hybrid Variety– PPH-1, PPH-2, PAU Magah Kaddo-1, Punjab Samrat and many more.

Other top variety– Arka Chandan, Arka Suryamukhi, Saras, Suvarna, Ambili, TCR 011, CO2

If you know more Pumpkin variety then study this article.

pumpkin seed

Sowing Time and Spacing

Pumpkin plant grows during the period from January to March and September to December. Rainfed crop sowing during the period of May to June.

Directed sowing method is the best method of pumpkin sowing. Sow 3-4 seeds per pit and spacing 3 x3m and deep 1 inches in the soil.

Seed Required for Pumpkin Planting guide

Generally 1.5-2kg of pumpkin seeds sufficient enough for one-hectare pumpkin cultivation. After sowing the seeds at first seed treatment with Benlate or Bavistin @ 2.5gm per kg of seeds.

Fertilizers required

Apply Compost or Vermicompost or Farm yard manure at 20-25 ton per hector, and NPK is 50:25:25 per hector. Apply half Nitrogen and full Phosphorus and Potassium in land preparation.  After 30 days of sowing, you can apply half Nitrogen. More details are known then study Best fertilizer pumpkin article.


Poper irrigation at proper intervals of time is required. Irrigation required after seed sowing. During the initial stage of growth irrigation at 3-4 days interval and alternate days flowing/fruits. Rainy season time drainage is essential for plant survival and growth.

Pumpkin Planting guide

Pumpkin pest and Diseases

We already discuss that please study this article their share facing all growing pumpkin problems share

Harvesting and Yield (Pumpkin Planting guide)

Crop harvesting is mainly done when the fruit’s color in brown place and the inner flesh becomes golden yellow color. Mature fruits having good storage capacity then used for long distance transportation.

Pumpkin yield depends on variety, soil, climate and plant management. An average yield of pumpkin expected up to 25-30 ton per hector.

Bitter Gourd Plant information | Bitter Melon Cultivation

Bitter gourd is a very important vegetable for us. The Botanical name is Momordica Charantia L. and family is Cucurbitaceae. It is the most popular cucurbitaceous vegetable. This vegetable is a groud source of Calcium, Iron, Vitamin B, and Phosphorus. It can successfully grow on elevation from sea level about 1200m. Let us have look at Bitter Gourd Plant information.

Bitter gourd photo

Bitter Gourd Health Benefits | Bitter Melon Health Benefits

i) Improved Immunity

ii) Cancer Prevention

iii)Liver Tonic

iv) Blood Purification

v) Diabetes Treatment

vi) Lower Cholesterol

vii) Skin Benefits

viii) Weight Loss

ix) Vitamin K Source

x) Carbohydrate Digestion

Bitter Gourd Plant information | Bitter Melon Cultivation

Bitter Gourd Top Variety

Improve Variety:- MDU-1,  Priya, Hirkani, Phule Privanka, Konkan Tara, Phule Ujala, Phule Green Gold and many more.

Hybrid Variety:-  Rupali, Shaukeen, Paras, RK-163  and many more. If you want to know more Bitter gourd variety details then study this article.

Soil Required

Bitter gourd can grow all type of soil, but well-drained loam and loam soil are the best for Bitter gourd cultivation. Soil PH range is 6-7.5. Soil temperature for germination is 20-250 C.

Climate Required

It is a seasoned crop. Bitter gourd cultivated minimum temperature of 180 C and best temperature required 23-280 C.

The Season for Bitter Gourd Plant information

Mainly January to March for a Summer crop and June to July for the rainy season.

Seed rate

Approx 5-6kg seeds required per Hectare.

Seed Treatment and Sowing

Seed treatment with Carbendazim 10gm/ kg of seed or Trichoderma Viride 4gm/kg of seed.

Sow the seeds are 5seeds/pit. Difference between Row to Row 120cm and plant to plant 35cm for Staking System. And row to row 180cm, plant to plant 45cm  for Ground System.

Fertilizers Required (Bitter Gourd Plant information)

Basically required organic fertilizer 10 ton/Acre and Inorganic fertilizers required N: P:K – 25:50:50 kg /Acre.  But you can apply 10kg Compost or Vermicompost or FYM 10kg/ pit, Inorganic fertilizers NPK are 6:12:!2 gm/pit.  After 30 days then you can apply N and P 6: 6gm/pit.

Bitter Gourd Pest and Disease Control

We already discuss how to control Bitter gourd Pest and Diseases. You can study this article then fully understand.

Irrigation Required

At first irrigation before sowing of seeds. Then sowing of seeds you can Irrigation per one week.

Bitter gourd Harvest photo


Most early varieties you can start harvesting about two months after germination. Picked should be carefully and focused the vine may not be damaged. The harvested vegetable may be store 3-5days in cool condition.

Yield (Bitter Gourd Plant information)

Approx Yield- Improve variety 15-20 ton/ha in 140-140 days and Hybrid crops 45-50 ton/ha in 180 days.

Eggplant Planting guide | Eggplant growing Stage

Eggplant other name is Brinjal, the Botanical name is Solanum melongena L. family is Nightshade. Eggplant is a very important vegetable. Its cultivated country is China, India, Egypt, Turkey, Iran, Indonesia, Iraq, Japan, Italy, Philippines and many more. So let have a look at Eggplant Planting guide. It is a versatile crop that is adapted to various agro-climatic regions and can be grown throughout the year.

Eggplant cultivation field

Eggplant Health benefits

i) Help for Weight loss

ii) Aid in Digestion

iii) Prevent Anemia

iv) Prevent Cancer

v) Improve Bone Health

vi) Improve Heat health

vii) Improve Brain Function

viii) Prevent Birth Defect

ix) Maintain Blood Cholesterol

x) Beater Liver health

Eggplant Planting guide | Eggplant Growing stage

Eggplant Varieties

Bianca Eggplant    Graffiti Eggplant    Japanese Eggplant  Chinese Eggplant   Tango Eggplant   Santana Eggplant, Little green Eggplant, Thai Eggplant More deeply Eggplant details.

Climatic Requirement ( Eggplant growing stage)

The eggplant is a warm season crop, and therefore susceptible to severe frost. Low season crops are a deformation of vegetable and affect the fruit quantity.  It flourishes best during the warm growing season with a temperature range of 13-270 C. Eggplant seed germination well 23-260 C.

Eggplant Planting guide

Soil requirement for Eggplant Planting guide

The eggplant plants are grown all types of soil and well-drained soil rich in organic matter with PH of 6.0-7.5.The soil should be well prepared by 4-5 times ploughed. For the development of good root, which is important for plant growth, soil needs to be relaxed to a depth of six to eight inches.

Sowing Time & Seed rate

The eggplant sowing time is May-June, August- September, and December- January. Varieties seed are 400450gm/ha and Hybrids seed are 200250gm.ha.

Nursery bed preparation

Apply Neem cake 1kg, FYM 10lg, VAM 50gm, super Phosphate 100gm before sowing. For planting 1 ha required area 100 square meter.

Transplanting for Eggplant Planting guide

Planting is ready for planting 4-5 weeks when they achieve a height of 12-15cm and with 3-4 leaves.  Take care of the seeds without from the roots. Transplanting should be done during the evening hours followed by irrigation and firmly press the soil around the seedlings.  In general variety 60 x 60cm is the best specification and Hybrid variety required specification 75-80 x 60-70 cm.

Fertilizers required

Apply Compost or Vermicompost or FYM @ 20-25ton/ha at the land preparation. Fertilizers required N P K – 75:40:25 kg/ ha. Land preparation time you can apply half Nitrogen, Half Phosphorus, and full Potassium. After 30days (After Planting)  you can apply one four nitrogen and half phosphorus. Your plant will be 6o days (After planting) age then you can apply one four nitrogen.

Irrigation (Eggplant growing stage)

Field irrigation according to the requirement of crops. Irrigation is crucial for the timely development of good growth, flower, and developing fruit. Before irrigation, you can check optimum moisture level and soil fertility conditions. Hot weather time you can apply irrigation every three to four days, winter times apply irrigation every eight to ten days. In the rainy time, you can fully watch weather conditions.

Eggplant vegetable

Eggplant Pest and Diseases

Briefly discuss how to control Brinjal/Eggplant Pest and diseases.Pleases study then fully understand.

How to Brinjal Pest control

How to control Eggplant Diseases

Harvest (Eggplant Planting guide)

Eggplant should be harvest when they attain full size and color but before the start of ripening. Madness is the optimum stage of the collecting of fruits and fruits in bright colors and shiny appearance. When the fruit looks perfect, it is a hint of maturity and quality loss.

Yield from variance season to season and different to the different location.  However, in general, there is a balanced yield of 250-500 q/ha.

ridge gourd cultivation information | health benefits

Ridge gourd cultivation information– The summertime ridge gourd cultivation in the world. Ridge gourd is the very important vegetable and it can be grown throughout the year. Ridge gourd belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family and its Botanical name is Lufa acutangula. These plants do not require much attention. However, by putting in a little more effort you will enjoy a great yield from some plant from with you used to harvest very few fruits only.

ridge gourd

Ridge gourd cultivation information

 10 best health benefits of ridge gourd

i) Care for Jaundice

ii) Excellent blood purifier

iii) Beneficial for diabetes

iv) Help weight loss

v) Advantage for skin care

vi) Anti-inflammatory and antibiotics

vii) Good for stomach

viii) Being rich in fibers, minerals and vitamins and low in fats and calories.

ix) Advantage for blood cleansing properties

x) Allergy protection

Common name of ridge gourd

Angled luffa, Ridged luffa


Planting spreads during July and January.

Seed rate

The ridge gourd seeds rate is 4-5kg/ha.

ridge gourd cultivation information
ridge gourd cultivation information

Seed treatment

At first, take seeds with Trichoderma viride 4gm/kg or Carbendazim 2gm/kg mixing before sowing.

Common varieties of ridge gourd

CO-2, CO-1, Pusa Nutan, Pusa Nader, Pusa Torai, PKM 1, Arka Sujat this the best variety in India.

Soil required for ridge gourd

Usually, ridge gourd can be grown in a wide range of soils. When preparing ridge gourd seeds beds site, amend the soil with organic matter, such compost or FYM manure. You can spread a 2-inch layer of organic matter on the site and work in the soil as a depth of 6-8 inch.

When you can prepare soil on the main field prepared thoroughly by 4-5 ploughings and soil PH range is 6.5-7.5 for ridge gourd cultivation information.  When you last ploughings the properly mixed organic manures.

Climate required for ridge gourd farming

Ridge gourd cultivation very well in a warm and hot climate. The optimum temperature is 24-300 C, If you live in an area with the short growing season, you can start seeds indoors four weeks prior to transplanting outdoors.

Transplanting( ridge gourd seeds cultivation)

The seeds can be directly sowed three numbers in a pit or can be grown initially in a polythene bag field with same soil and transplanted at the pits after a healthy growth of the plant.

ridge gourd farming

Method of sowing

The seed is sown by the dibbling method at a spacing of 1.5-2.0 x 1.0-1.5m. Two-three seeds are sown in each pit.

Irrigation for ridge gourd cultivation information

Irrigation depends on the season and soil moisture holding capacity. Drip irrigation methods are most beneficial in the ridge gourd farming. The summer season should be irrigated just after sowing and subsequent irrigation is given at 4-6 days interval and rainy season crop don’t irrigation this time.

Fertilizers required

Fast time land prepared you can apply 20-25ton/ha compost/ vermicompost/ FYM. Chemical fertilizers you can apply N:P:K   250: 100:100 kg/ha Land preparation time apply ½ N,used full phosphorus(P) and Potash (k). After 30days of sowing then more ½ N apply you.

Ridge gourd important disease and pest

i) Ridge gourd powdery mildew

ii) Ridge gourd downy mildew

iii) Ridge gourd caterpillar

If want study this article then click here


Fast harvested start depending on the variety. Then ridge gourd becomes ready for harvest from 50-60 days of sowing. Ridge gourd is long care must make sure the vegetable is hanging is a downward direction. This fruit should be harvested the weekly interval by cutting them with a knife.

Yield (ridge gourd cultivation information)

Yield depends on many factors like variety, climate, soil, and management practices. On an average ridge gourd yield is about 75-100 quintal/ha.

snake gourd cultivation methods with very good technique

Snake gourd is a very Important vegetable. Today I am discussing with you snake gourd cultivation methods.This vegetable native to southeastern Asia but cultivated throughout the world for its coved. It is extensively grown in south India where it is used to prepare many mouthwatering diseases. Snake gourd botanical name is Trichosanthes cucumerina and its family is Cucurbits.

snake gourd cultivation
snake gourd cultivation

Snake Gourd cultivation methods in world

10 best Health benefit of Snake Gourd

i) Reduces Fever

ii) Stop hair loss and skin protect

iii) Controls Diabetes

iv) Reduces stress

v) Control Heart problems

vi) Maintain calories

vii) Weight loss

viii) Aids in detoxification

ix) During pregnancy

x) Gate more vitamin C

Season for snake gourd farming

July and January are highly suitable for cultivation.

Indian Local name

Hindi- Chichida, Tamil- Pudalangai, Telugu- Potlakage, Marathi- Jangli padavala, Malayalam- Padavalange.

snake gourd flower
snake gourd flower

Seed rate

Snake Gourd seeds are required 2-3kg/ha.

Seed Treatment

At first, take seeds with Trichoderma viride 4gm/kg or Carbendazim 2gm/kg mixing before sowing.

Preparation field

Plough the main field to the fine tilth and dig pits of size 30 x30 x 30cm at 2.5cm x 2.0m spacing and form basins.

Common variety of snake gourd

Co-1, PKM-1, MDU-1, Pusa Nasdar, Desi Chaitali.

Climate required for snake gourd cultivation

Snake Gourd grows well in tropical areas with a warm and humid climate. It requires a minimum temperature of 180C during early growth, but optimal temperatures are in the range of 24-270C. It can withstand rains but cannot withstand frost.

Soil required

Snake Gourd tolerates a wide range of soil but prefers a well-drained sandy loam soil that is rich in organic matter. Soils with PH range from 6.0-7.5 is ideal for the good yield.

Land preparation

Plough the field 3-4 times until it gets the fine tilth stage and removed any weeds from previous crops. If you last time plough then add/mixed organic fertilizers.

Manures and Fertilizers

Apply FYM or Compost or Vermicompost 20-25ton/ha as basal does along with half does of N(35kg/ha) full does phosphorus (25kg/ha) and potash (25kg/ha).  And more half does  N(35kg/ha) is applied in several split doses at forthright intervals.

snake gourd cultivation methods


During the initial stage of growth, irrigation at 3-4days and alternate days during flowering/fruits. During the rainy season, drainage is essential for plant survival and growth. Water problems areas drip irrigation would be great chose for efficient use of water. In this case, drip lines should be arranged along with pits.


The harvest stands from 50-80 days after sowing and it’s depending on the variety.   The harvest is done at an interval of 5-6days. A total number of 6-8harvested can be done in general.

Yield of Snake Gourd

Depending on the farm management and care, the average yield 18-25ton/ha in 135-145days.

If you have any question about “snake gourd cultivation methods” this topic so feel free to ask me in the comments section below-

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