Category: Vegetable cultivation

Lady finger vegetable cultivation

Ladies finger is a popular vegetable in India. This vegetable that keeps on going all summer long. Its related to the hibiscus plant and products similarly beautiful flowers. Lady finger vegetable cultivation family is Malvaceae, The Botanical name is Abelmoschus esculentus. Ladies finger /Okra/Bhindi are vegetable. The stem of the plant is used for the extraction of the fiber. Most lady finger vegetable cultivation country – Nigeria, Egypt, Pakistan, Cameroon, Benin, Ghana and Saudi Arabia. The major okra vegetable India state are – Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Okra cultivated is profitable even for the small scale from owners.

okra cultivation
okra/ Ladies finger

Lady finger vegetable cultivation method

10 best Health benefits okra/lady finger

i) Control Asthma

ii) Prevents sunstroke

iii) High fiber control

iv) Prevent cotton cancer

v) Controls cholesterol

vi) Prevent kidney disease

vii) Stabilize blood sugar and prevent diabetes

viii) Maintain healthy heart and prevent heart disease

ix) Maintain strong bones

x) Prevents Gastritis

Variety in okra cultivation

MDU-1, Arka Anamika, Arka Abhay and Parbhani Kranti

Hybrid okra variety

Co3, coBhH1

Climate for ladies finger cultivation

Behind is a warm season vegetable crop and required a long worm going season. Ladies finger best results during the warm humid conditions. You need to ensure that the cultivation best temperature of 24-270 C. If the temperature dips below 200 C then becomes very different to their cultivation. Sunlight regularly to keep the soil uniformly moist and particularly more from the beginning of the flowering period and until the end of production.

Soil for ladies finger cultivation

The soil you used must be loamy and crumbly and it must be well drained. You should be quite aware of the fact you should not use saline soils, alkaline which is poor in drainage for this kind of cultivation. The soil PH 6-6.8 is good for okra cultivation. The land is prepared by giving 5-6 ploughings.

okra flower
okra flower

Seed Treatment

Seed treatment is very important for okra cultivation. Apply Trichoderma viride @4g/kg or Pseudomonas fluoresce 10mg/kg of seeds and again with 400mg of Azospirillum using starch as adhesive.

Seed rate

The seed rate for the summer season is 12-15kg /ha and rainy season 8-10kg.ha.

Spacing

The ladies finger seeds 15-18 inches apart so they don’t look messy when they grow huge.

Continue study Lady finger vegetable cultivation

Season

Normally you can sow the seeds between the months of January to March(Winter season), June to August(Rainy season).

Land preparation

Land should be giving 2-3 ploughings to get the soil to fine tilth stage and any weeds from previous crops. Last at the ploughings the properly mixed organic manures.

Irrigation

Irrigation is very important especially at the time of flowering and fruiting of ladies finger growth. A regular irrigation schedule 350mm of water every 10days is recommended for maximum yields. Drip irrigation is most suitable for the crop at it provides uniform moisture throughout the season.

Manures and fertilizers

Apply 25-30 tons/ha used from yard manure FYM or compost or Vermicompost. The chemical fertilizer used 150kg each of N:P:K or 350kg superphosphate, 125kg Murate of Potash, 300kg of Ammonium Sulphate. One third does N and fully does P: K are to be applied as basal dose. After one month goes you can use half N, and flowering stage then you can be used last half N.

 Harvesting

The vegetable is ready to harvest after 60-70 days of sowing. The vegetable should be harvested in the morning and evening. Harvested okra when it’s about 2-3 inches long. Delay in harvesting may make the vegetable fibrous and they lose their tenderness and taste.

Yield of Ladies Finger

The yield of Bhendi/okra/Ladies finger varies from 7500quintal/ha Rainy season. 5000kg/ha summer season. Duration is 90-100 days respectively.

If you any question ‘Lady finger vegetable cultivation’ this topic then commend given below

Greenhouse Cucumber cultivation

Cucumber farming in India becomes more and more popular. Greenhouse Cucumber cultivation does not require any special farming skills. Cucumber farming is low maintenance high- yielding plants once you following is Cucurbitaceae, botanical name is Cucumis sativus.

greenhouse cucumber cultivation study

10 Best Health Benefits of cucumber

i) Give vitamin A, B,c and k

ii) Promotes Hydration

iii) It good for a weight loss.

iv) It maintains lower Blood sugar.

v) Every one adds is Diet

vi) Fight Inflammation

vii) Reduce your Risk of cancer

viii) It manage stress

ix) Support Heart Health

x) Good for shine health

Greenhouse cucumber cultivation Varieties

Japanese long green, Priya, Pusa Sagar, Poinsettee etc.

Season for cucumber farming

Sow the seeds during June, January, and April.

cucumber-flower
cucumber-flower

Seed rate in cucumber

About 2.5kg seeds are required for a hectare.

Seed treatment

Cucumber seed with carbendazim 2gm/kg, Trichoderma viride 4gm/kg of seeds before sowing.

Sowing Time

Cucumber seed cultivated as summer and rainy season, season wise-month is-

Summer season – January to February

Rainy season crop -June to July

Seed Rate

The seed rate is 2.5-3.5kg/ha

Climate

Cucumber requires a warm climate and cool temperature in the greenhouse, and best temperature requires between 20-240C.

Soil type

A well droughts  fertile soil with a PH of 6.0-7.0 is important for cucumber, its grown crop require soil- sandy loam soils to clay soils with good drainage.

cucumber cultivation
cucumber cultivation

Irrigation and Drainage

The summer crop cultivated as require enough soil moisture during its growth when growth time if enough rainfall overall the crop, period droughts may occur during each growing season.

Weed regularly but be care full not to go below a couple of centimeters with your home as you damage the root system which will slow down plant growth.

Fertilizers

Apply land preparation farm yard manure or compost 25ton/ha. Apply chemical fertilizers N:P:K 50:25:25 kg/ha. At first application ½ N, and full P and K, then 30 days go ½ N applied.

Sowing method

1.5m x 2.5m (Row to Row)

60cm x 90cm (Plant to Plant)

Weed control

Shallow cultivation should be given during the early stage of growth to control the weeds.

Harvesting

Harvesting can be done 45days after sowing. Cucumber fruits for fresh consumption are harvested before they are fully mature, depending on the types can be 1-2 weeks after flowering.

Yield

The average yield of 8 to 10 ton/ha in 80-90 days for the salad can be obtained.

More study greenhouse cucumber cultivation then watch this video

 

Onion cultivation

onion plant cultivation guide– The onion is one of the important crops in India and very generally grows in farmers. Onion belongs to the family is Amaryllidaceae with botanical name Allium cepa. In the world onion plant cultivation guide/onion cultivation total area North America, Japan, Spain, Canada etc, and India is growing in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana.

onion plant cultivation guide

onion cultivation
onion cultivation

10 major Onion health benefits

i) Prevent cancer

ii) Treat Heart Ailments

iii) Boost Immunity

iv) Give vitamin A

v) Prevent Diabetes

vi) Improve immunity

vii) Lowers cholesterol

viii) Lowers blood pressure

ix) Bone Density

x) Anti Inflammatory

Required climate (onion plant cultivation guide)

Onion is the cool season crops. It is grown during winter season and harvest before the real hot season begins. It is adapted to the temperature range of 13-240 C for vegetable stage and 16-210 C for the bulbing stage, 30-350 C maturity to harvest.

Season

Kharif  season              May-September

Late Kharif season      August-February

Rabi season                 October-April

Seed quantity for onion cultivation

The onion seed require is 8-10kg/ha  (1ha= 2.48 acres)

Seed treatment – Seeds can be treated with Azaspirillum@400gm/kg,  Apply VAM 1kg/sq.m in the beds.

Soil required for onion farming

Onion can be grown in all types of soils such as sandy loam, clay loam, silt loam and heavy soils. The soil for successful onion cultivation in deep, friable loom and alluvial soil with good drainage, moisture holding capacity and sufficient organic matter. The soil PH is 5.8-7.5

Land preparation for onion farming

The soil should be prepared to give by 6-5 ploughings to make friable. Supplement the field with 25 tons of Fym or vermicompost in the last ploughing.

Irrigation onion plant cultivation guide

Most onions require about 30 inches of water per season to grow a good crop with drip irrigation. After transplanting the plant, irrigation should be given for proper establishment. The drip irrigation is to provide about 0.3-0.4 inches/day or flat irrigation should be given weekly interval. Fast look the soil will be overly dry around an under-watered crop and check may become. Irrigation should be stopped 15-20 days before attaining maternity for important the keeping quality of bulbs.

Study: Onion pest and disease Management

Weed control

The crop should be kept weed free for good production yield and loss fertilizers. If any wed come then apply Fluchloralin @1.0kg/ha or Pendimethalin @3.5lit/ha.

Harvesting

Follow harvesting of onion bulbs at the right stage of maturity. It is important in deriding storage life of onion as bulbs may be should for about six months when about 50% neck happens, onion crop can be the harvest.

onion flower
onion flower

Yield of onion

On an average, the crop yields about –

Kharif                  12-20 ton/ha

Late Kharif        30-34ton/ha

Rabi                      26-30ton/ha

Marketing ‘onion plant cultivation guide’

Marketing is very easy, when onion harvested then you can supply to local market, cold store, retail stores etc.

  • For more information, Indian onion cultivation information Click here

Turnip cultivation Information Guide for farmer

Best way turnip seed cultivation-Turnip vegetable are cool weather crops but avoiding the hot summer months. Turnips best tested when they come to harvest in cool weather. Turnip crop grown and can be ready to use only 5-8weeks from sowing. Turnip botanical name is Brassica rapa, family of Brassicaceae. A turnip is a while skinned root vegetable that is popular for human consumption and live stock feed. Best way turnip seed cultivation read this article below to know details about the turnip cultivation.

best way turnip seed cultivation

Health benefits of Turnips

1.Improve bone strength.

2. Glucosinolate Antimicrobial and Anti-information atari benefits

3. Promote bone health

4. Promote Digestion

5. Prevent cancer

6. Improve eye health

7. Improves skin health

turnip seed cultivation
turnip seed cultivation

Types of variety of Turnips

1.Golden Ball

2. Snow Ball

3. Shogoin Turnip

4. Seven Top Turnip

5. Purple Top white Globe

6. Early Milan red top

Climate requirement for Turnips cultivation

Turnips is a cool weather and moist climate condition. It requires temperature below 100 C for the seed to germinate. It must be cultivated in full son or semi shade. Rainfall  average 350-4100mm. Annual temperature below 3.6 and 27.40C

Soil requirement for turnips cultivation

Turnip green are easy to grow in any well drained soil. Highly fertile soil with PH 6.9-6.5 is best for growing turnips and rutabagas. A soil test should be taken and lime added as need.

Land preparation

Soils should be ploughed to a depth of 30-40cm to provide fine tilth. The soil should not contain any decomposed organic matter become the may result into forking of roots ploughings about 30cm deep. Application of FYM or decomposed  should preferable be done at the time of first ploughing. Avoid use of undecomposed or free cow dung as it will leads to forking of fleshy roots.

Sowing time, Spacing

August-September is best time for sowing desi varieties whereas October –November month is ideal for European varieties.

Use row to row spacing of 45cm and plant spacing of 7.5cm

Sowing depth – Sow seeds at depth 15cm

turnip seed
turnip seed

Seed Rate

For sowing of one acre land seed rate of 2-3kg is sufficient.

Before sowing seed treatment wit h Thiram@3gm per kg for avoid Bacteria and fungi.

Fertilizers for Turnip cultivation

Apply land preparation Farm year manure/compost 25ton/ha.

Apply N:P:K @ 80:50:50 kg/ha. The full does P, K and half dose N should be applied before sowing the seeds. The half N use two time – When plant was root formation and when root knot development.

Irrigation for Turnip cultivation

After sowing apply first irrigation it will help in good germination. Apply irrigation at the interval 6-7 days in summer and 10-12 days in winter month  and reanny season on need irrigation. If you  irrigated field, first look climate condition the apply Irrigation.

Harvesting turning cultivation

Harvest some turnips very early as turnip greens. The leaves taste best when your and tender harvesting carly types after about 5 weeks, main crop types after 6-10 weeks. Under cool and moist condition, roots can be stored for 2-3 days and if you store more 8-15 week then temperature below 0-50C

Yield for turning farming

Yield depends on the variety and soil type, climate condition, ‘Best way turnip seed cultivation’ average yield of 250-400qu/ha

 

best way potato cultivation guide | potato harvesting methode

Best way potato cultivation guide for beginners The potato was first cultivated in South America seven thousand years ago. The botanical name is Solanum tuberosum, over the years potato has become an important crop for both farmers and consumers in the world.Fully discuss best way potato cultivation is the fourth most important crop by volume of production. It is high yielding, having a high nutritive value and gives high returns to farmers.

Best way potato cultivation guide for beginners

10 major point for health benefits

i) An excellent source of vitamin C

ii) Boost antioxidants.

iii) A good source of potassium

iv) Maintain Blood pressure

v) Feed your bones

vi) Only 110 calories per serving

vii) Control blood fugar

viii) Better brain functioning and nervous system’

ix) A good source of vitamin B6

x) Easy to Digest and skin care

Potato variety

Many countries are many varieties, I will discuss Top 10 Indian main variety –

i)Kufri Sindhi, ii) Kufri chandramukhi, iii) Kufri jooti, iv) Kufri Dewa, v) Kufri Babar, vi) Kufri Lalima, vii) Kufri Megha, viii) Kufri Ashoka, ix) Kufri Jawahar,  x)Kufri Sultej,

potato farming
potato farming

Climate requirements

Generally, potato is a cool season crop but it is adapted to wide range of climate conditions. It grows well in temperature between bay 200C-250C and night 160 C to 190C, Potato tuber growth reaches a maximum at 210C and decreases with temperature increase.

Soil requirements for best way potato cultivation

Potato can be grown in any well-drained soils which are rich in organic matter. It prefers slightly acidic soils but cannot tolerate alkaline soil. The PH range for potato cultivation is 6.0-6.5. Any micronutrients should be covered by the soil test results.

Land preparation

The land is ploughed at a depth of 24-25cm and exposed to the sun. The soil should have a higher pore space and after least resistance to tuber development well-decomposed FYM (25-30 ton/ha) is mixed will be soil during the last plowing.

Seed rate & seed treatment for best way potato cultivation

About 3000-3500kg/ha of seed is required.

Use carbon disulfide 30g/100kg of seed for breaking the dormancy and including sprouting of tubers.

Tubers potato seed

The cost of seed tubers and spread of virus disease can be greatly minimized by using ‘true potato seeds’. The hybrids developed by central potato research institute viz. HPS 1/13, HPS11/13, and HPS 24/11 are suitable for true potato seed production. The seeds are raised in nursery beds like other vegetable and seedling are transplanted 30 days after sowing. For raising one ha of the crop, a quantity of 100g seed is required.

Spacing for potato cultivation

Hilly areas where furrow method is followed, a spacing of 60cm x 30cm is maintained whereas in plains. Ridges distance is kept as 45cm x 60 reducing the in-row spacing to minimized oversized tuber production lead to higher quality tubers for fresh markets.

potato cultivation
potato cultivation

Irrigation for best way potato cultivation

Potato needs irrigation at frequent intervals, depending upon the soil and climatic conditions, usually 6 irrigation is sufficient. Pre-sowing irrigation followed by 5-6 light irrigation’s. Drip irrigation helps Indian farmers increase potato yield. Irrigation should stop a few days before harvesting.

Fertilizers in potato farming

Apply 15ton/ha FYM/compost/ vermin compost and mixed 2kg of Azospirillum can be applied in the soil when preparing the land for potato cultivation, The N:P:K requirement ratio is 120:50:225 kg/ha

Harvesting potato farming

When you should harvest depends on what type of potato you have planted. Early season potatoes take approximately 60-70 days to mature; mid-season more than 90 days. The potato plants leave into yellow color and easy separation of the tubers from their stolons indicate that the crop has reached maturity level. Allow freshly dug potatoes to sit in a dry, cool place (450-600 F) for up to two weeks. This allows their skins to cure, which will help them keep for longer. Collect potato’s very carefully most be taken for not injuring the tubers. Irrigation should be stopped a couple of days before harvesting.

Yield for best way potato cultivation

On an average 15-20 ton/ha of tubers can be obtained.

 

cauliflower cultivation process information guide- Growing cauliflower

Cauliflower cultivation process information guides the most important vegetable in the world. Cauliflower cultivation process requires to 50-90 days. Cauliflower common name is the Gobi, The Scientific name is ‘Brassica oleracea’ and belong to Cruciferaceae family. Cauliflower is a cool-weather half-hardy biennial grown as an annual. Broccoflower is a hybrid cross between a cauliflower and a broccoli, broccoflower has green heads. There are two main seasonal types of cauliflower cultivation in India, they are Early season type, Late season type crop. The late-season crop growing for a longer period.

cauliflower cultivation process information guide

Health benefits cauliflower

i) Fight cancer

ii) Boost Hear Health

iii) It’s Anti-Inflammatory

iv) It’s rich in vitamins and Minerals

v) Boost your Brain Health

vi) Detoxification support

vii) Digestive Benefits

viii) Antioxidants and phytonutrients

Cauliflower local name in Indian Language( cauliflower cultivation process in India)

Phool Gobhi (Hindi), Phulkopi( Bengali), Felevar ( Gujrat), Phool Gobi ( Marathi), Phulkobi(Assamese), Phula Kobi(Waya), Phull Gobi(Punjabi)

cauliflower cultivation in India
cauliflower cultivation in India

Varieties of cauliflower

They are many varieties available for each region. Cauliflower is available in green, purple, light yellow and white colour. They are three types seasonal varieties in the cauliflower cultivation-

i) Early crop( June0July)

ii) Midseason (August- September)

iii) Late crop (October-November)

Or any problem/knows, contact local horticulture department for suitable varieties of cauliflower in your region.

Limited condition for cauliflower cultivation process

Cauliflower grows generally during the cold season and requires optimum temperature conditions to produce the edible bud of the cauliflower farming. The temperature range of 15oc to 20oc is required for his optimum growth and 10o-15o C temperature for seed germination. If the temperature is about 0o c,  your seedling growth may stop. If it is subjected to very high or low temperature, it tends to form small curds and also causes yellowing and raciness of the curd.

Soil requirement cauliflower cultivation process

It can be grown on a wide range is sold provided they are rich in nutrients and have adequate soil moisture process a good drainage and contain plenty of organic matter. Sandy loam soil is preferred for early crops, which loam and clay loams for late crops. Cauliflower grows best on a neutral to slightly acid soil i.e. at ph 6.0-7.0 If the soil is below ph 5.5 liming at the rate of 5 to 10 quintal/ha should be done for the successful raising of cauliflower.

Soli preparation cauliflower cultivation

Before cauliflower farming, it is very important that the soil and land are prepared optimally. Field prepare by giving deep ploughing by a soil temperature plough followed by 3-4 ploughing with desi plough to make the soil loose and friable organic manures like Farmyard Manure (FYM) should be applied at the time of main field preparation.

Seed rate in cauliflower cultivation process

In cauliflower seed rate for the early crop is 600 x 750gm and for late crop 400-500gm.

Sowing time in cauliflower cultivation process

The seed should be sown in nursery beds in May-June for early. July -August for midseason and September – October for late varieties.

cauliflower cultivation in India
cauliflower cultivation in India

Spacing in cauliflower cultivation

The germination seedling should be transplanted to the field and an optimal spacing is required so that each one gets proper nutrients. The spacing depends on the type of cultivar. They should be placed in the single with a distance of 45 x 45cm for early crop and for late crop the spacing is 60 x 60cm or else the spacing in case of seeds should be 35 x 50cm apart in rows which are 60 x 90cm apart.

Manures and Fertilizers

For best result, 15-20 tons of FYM or Compost should be incorporated into the soil about 4 weeks before transplanting. In cauliflower 100kg Nitrogen, 50kg phosphorus and 50kg Potas per hector should be given.

Irrigation cauliflower cultivation

Irrigation at every stage of plant growth is very important one should make sure to have proper irrigation facility. It may be given to the crop every 5-6 days to the early planting and 10-15 days for a late crop. At the time there should be enough moisture in the field, so irrigate at this time and when cauliflower is rained late in the season, it should be watered closely.

Harvesting and yield cauliflower cultivation process

Once the curds are fully developed, compost and before they become pricey, they are harvested. The curd must be in good shape, globular, firm and white, yellow or purple in colour depending on cultivar. In order to protect the curd, it is advisable to harvest it with its fall foliage. The maximum size of the curd may be up to 30cm depending on the cultivar. It is generally harvested with manual precision using a knife. It gives us a yield of almost 200-250 quintal/hector for early cauliflower, and late season crop yield is approximately 250-300 quintal/hector.

Marketing of cauliflower

Harvesting fresh cauliflower can be graded based a size and quality. This vegetable can be transported to local markets or can have an agent who can buy these in bulk at your farm.

 

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