cauliflower cultivation process information guide- Growing cauliflower

Cauliflower cultivation process information guide the most important vegetable in the world. Cauliflower cultivation process requires to 50-90 day’s. Cauliflower common name is Gobi, Scientific name is ‘Brassica oleracea’ and belong to cruciferaceae family. Cauliflower is a cool-weather half-hardy biennial grown as an annual. Broccoflower is a hybride cross between a cauliflower and a broccoli, broccoflowews  have green heads. There aare two main seasonal types of cauliflower cultivation in India, they are Early season type, Late season type crop. The late season crop growing for longer period.

cauliflower cultivation process information guide

Health benefits cauliflower

i) Fight cancer

ii) Boost Hearth Health

iii) It’s Anti-Inflammatory

iv) It’s rich in vitamins and Minerals

v) Boost your Brain Health

vi) Detoxiffication support

vii) Digestive Benefits

viii) Antioxidants and phytonutrients

Cauliflower local name in Indian Language( cauliflower cultivation process in India)

Phool Gobhi (Hindi), Phulkopi( Bengali), Felevar ( Gujrat), Phool Gobi ( Marathi), Phulkobi(Assamese), Phula kobi(Waya), Phull Gobi(punjabi)

cauliflower cultivation in India
cauliflower cultivation in India

Varieties of cauliflower

They are many varieties available for each region. Cauliflower are available in green, purple, light yellow and white colour. They are three types seasonal varieties in the cauliflower cultivation-

i) Early crop( June0July)

ii) Mid season (August- September)

iii) Late crop (October-November)

Or any problem/knows, contact local horticulture department for suitable varieties of cauliflower in your region.

Limited condition for cauliflower cultivation process

Cauliflower grows generally during cold season, and requires optimum temperature conditions to produce the edible bud of the cauliflower farming. The temperature range of 15oc to 20oc is required for his optimum growth and 10o-15o C temperature for seed germination. If the temperature is about 0o c, the your seedling growth may stop. If it is subjected to very high or low temperature, it tends to from small curds and also causes yellowing and raciness of the curd.

Soil requirement cauliflower cultivation process

It can be grown on a wide rang of sold provided they are rich in nutrients and have adequate soil moisture process a good drainage and contain plenty of organic matter. Sandy loan soil are preferred for early crops, which loam and clay loams for late crops. Cauliflower grows best on a neutral  to slightly acid soil i.e. at ph 6.0-7.0 If the soil is below ph 5.5 liming at the rate of 5 to 10 quintal/ha should be done for successful raising of cauliflower.

Soli preparation cauliflower cultivation

Before cauliflower farming, it is very important that the soil and land is prepared optimally. Field prepare by giving deep ploughing by a soil temperature plough followed by 3-4 ploughing with desi plough to make the soil loose and frible organic manures like Farm yard Manure (FYM) should be applied at the time of main field preparation.

Seed rate in cauliflower cultivation process

In cauliflower seed rate fro early crop is 600 x 750gm and for late crop 400-500gm.

Sowing time in cauliflower cultivation process

The seed should be down in nursery beds in May-June for early. July -August for mid season and September – October  for late varieties.

cauliflower cultivation in India
cauliflower cultivation in India

Spacing in cauliflower cultivation

The germination seedling should be transplanted to the field and an optimal spacing is required so that each one gets proper nutrients. The spacing depends on the type of cultivar. They should be placed in single wit h a distance of 45 x 45cm for early crop and for late crop the spacing is 60 x 60cm or else the spacing in case of seeds should be 35 x 50cm apart in rows which are 60 x 90cm apart.

Manures and Fertilizers

For best result 15-20 tons of FYM or Compost should be incorporated into the soil about 4 weeks before transplanting. In cauliflower 100kg Nitrogen, 50kg phosphorus and 50kg Potas per hector should be given.

Irrigation cauliflower cultivation

Irrigation at every stage of plant growth is very important one should make sure to have proper irrigation facility. It may be given to the crop every 5-6 days to the early planting and 10-15 days for late crop. At the time there should be enough moisture in the field, so irrigate at this time and when cauliflower is rainsed late in the season, it should be watered closely.

Harvesting and yield cauliflower cultivation process

Once the curds are fully developed, compost and before they become ricey, they are harvested. The curd must be in good shape, globular, firm and white, yellow or purple in colour depending on cultivar. In order to protect the curd, it is advisable to harvest it with its full foliage. The maximum size of the curd may be up to 30cm depending on the cultivar. It is generally harvested with manual precision using a knife. It given us a yield of almost 200-250 quintal/hector for early cauliflower, and late season crop yield is approximately 250-300 quintal/hector.

Marketing of cauliflower

Harvesting fresh cauliflower can be graded based an size and quality. These vegetable can be trans ported to local markets or can have an agent who can buy these in bulk at your farm.

 

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