Cauliflower cultivation process information guides the most important vegetable in the world. Cauliflower cultivation process requires to 50-90 days. Cauliflower common name is the Gobi, The Scientific name is ‘Brassica oleracea’ and belong to Cruciferaceae family. Cauliflower is a cool-weather half-hardy biennial grown as an annual. Broccoflower is a hybrid cross between a cauliflower and a broccoli, broccoflower has green heads. There are two main seasonal types of cauliflower cultivation in India, they are Early season type, Late season type crop. The late-season crop growing for a longer period.
cauliflower cultivation process information guide
Health benefits cauliflower
i) Fight cancer
ii) Boost Hear Health
iii) It’s Anti-Inflammatory
iv) It’s rich in vitamins and Minerals
v) Boost your Brain Health
vi) Detoxification support
vii) Digestive Benefits
viii) Antioxidants and phytonutrients
Cauliflower local name in Indian Language( cauliflower cultivation process in India)
They are many varieties available for each region. Cauliflower is available in green, purple, light yellow and white colour. They are three types seasonal varieties in the cauliflower cultivation-
i) Early crop( June0July)
ii) Midseason (August- September)
iii) Late crop (October-November)
Or any problem/knows, contact local horticulture department for suitable varieties of cauliflower in your region.
Limited condition for cauliflower cultivation process
Cauliflower grows generally during the cold season and requires optimum temperature conditions to produce the edible bud of the cauliflower farming. The temperature range of 15oc to 20oc is required for his optimum growth and 10o-15o C temperature for seed germination. If the temperature is about 0o c, your seedling growth may stop. If it is subjected to very high or low temperature, it tends to form small curds and also causes yellowing and raciness of the curd.
Soil requirement cauliflower cultivation process
It can be grown on a wide range is sold provided they are rich in nutrients and have adequate soil moisture process a good drainage and contain plenty of organic matter. Sandy loam soil is preferred for early crops, which loam and clay loams for late crops. Cauliflower grows best on a neutral to slightly acid soil i.e. at ph 6.0-7.0 If the soil is below ph 5.5 liming at the rate of 5 to 10 quintal/ha should be done for the successful raising of cauliflower.
Soli preparation cauliflower cultivation
Before cauliflower farming, it is very important that the soil and land are prepared optimally. Field prepare by giving deep ploughing by a soil temperature plough followed by 3-4 ploughing with desi plough to make the soil loose and friable organic manures like Farmyard Manure (FYM) should be applied at the time of main field preparation.
Seed rate in cauliflower cultivation process
In cauliflower seed rate for the early crop is 600 x 750gm and for late crop 400-500gm.
Sowing time in cauliflower cultivation process
The seed should be sown in nursery beds in May-June for early. July -August for midseason and September – October for late varieties.
Spacing in cauliflower cultivation
The germination seedling should be transplanted to the field and an optimal spacing is required so that each one gets proper nutrients. The spacing depends on the type of cultivar. They should be placed in the single with a distance of 45 x 45cm for early crop and for late crop the spacing is 60 x 60cm or else the spacing in case of seeds should be 35 x 50cm apart in rows which are 60 x 90cm apart.
Manures and Fertilizers
For best result, 15-20 tons of FYM or Compost should be incorporated into the soil about 4 weeks before transplanting. In cauliflower 100kg Nitrogen, 50kg phosphorus and 50kg Potas per hector should be given.
Irrigation cauliflower cultivation
Irrigation at every stage of plant growth is very important one should make sure to have proper irrigation facility. It may be given to the crop every 5-6 days to the early planting and 10-15 days for a late crop. At the time there should be enough moisture in the field, so irrigate at this time and when cauliflower is rained late in the season, it should be watered closely.
Harvesting and yield cauliflower cultivation process
Once the curds are fully developed, compost and before they become pricey, they are harvested. The curd must be in good shape, globular, firm and white, yellow or purple in colour depending on cultivar. In order to protect the curd, it is advisable to harvest it with its fall foliage. The maximum size of the curd may be up to 30cm depending on the cultivar. It is generally harvested with manual precision using a knife. It gives us a yield of almost 200-250 quintal/hector for early cauliflower, and late season crop yield is approximately 250-300 quintal/hector.
Marketing of cauliflower
Harvesting fresh cauliflower can be graded based a size and quality. This vegetable can be transported to local markets or can have an agent who can buy these in bulk at your farm.