Ladies finger is a popular vegetable in India. This vegetable that keeps on going all summer long. Its related to the hibiscus plant and products similarly beautiful flowers. Lady finger vegetable cultivation family is Malvaceae, Botanical name is Abelmosehus esculentus. Ladies finger /Okra/Bhandi are vegetable. The stem of the plant is use for the extraction of the fiber. Most lady finger vegetable cultivation country – Nigeria, Egypt, Pakistan, Comeroon, Benin, Ghana and Saudi Arabia. The major okra vegetable India state are – Bihar, Uttar predesh, West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Okra cultivated is profitable even for the small scale from owners.
Lady finger vegetable cultivation method
10 best Health benefits okra/lady finger
i) Control Asthma
ii) Prevents sunstoke
iii) High fiber control
iv) Prevent cotton cancer
v) Controls cholesterol
vi) Prevent kidney disease
vii) Stabillze blood sugar and prevent diabetes
viii) Maintain healthy heart and prevent hart disease
ix) Maintain strong bones
x) Prevents Gastritis
Variety in okra cultivation
MDU-1, Arka Anamika, Arka Abhay and parbhani kranti
Behind is a warm season vegetable crop and required a long worm going season. Ladies finger best results during the warm humid conditions. You need to ensure that the cultivation best temperature of 24-270 C. If the temperature dips below 200 C then becomes very different to their cultivation. Sunlight regularly to keep the soil uniformly moist and particularly more from the beginning of the flowering period and until the end of production.
Soil for ladies finger cultivation
The soil you used must be loamy and crumbly and it must be well drain. You should be quite aware of the fact you should not use saline soils, alkaline which is poor in drainage for this kind of cultivation. The soil PH 6-6.8 is good for okra cultivation. The land is prepared by giving 5-6 ploughings.
Seed treatment is very important for okra cultivation. Apply Tricoderma viride @4g/kg or Pseudomonas fluoresce 10mg/kg of seeds and again with 400mg of Azospirillum using starch as adhesive.
The seed rate for summer season is 12-15kg /ha and rainy season 8-10kg.ha.
The ladies finger seeds 15-18 inches apart so the they don’t look messy when they grow huge.
Normally you can sow the seeds between the months of January to March(Winter season), June to August(Rainy season).
Land should be giving 2-3 ploughings to get the soil to fine tilth stage and any weeds from previous crops. Last at the ploughings the properly mixed organic manures.
Irrigation is very important especially at the time of flowering and fruiting of ladies finger growth. A regular irrigation schedule 350mm of water every 10days is recommended for maximum yields. Drip irrigation is must suitable to the crop at it provides uniform moisture throughout the season.
Manures and fertilizers
Apply 25-30 tons/ha used from yard manure FYM or compost or Vermicompost. The chemical fertilizer used 150kg each of N:P:K or 350kg super phosphate, 125kg Murate of Potash, 300kg of Ammonium Sulphate. One third does N and full does P:K are to be applied as basal does. After one month go you can used half N, and flowering stage then you can used last half N.
The vegetable are ready to harvest after 60-70 days of sowing. The vegetable should be harvested in the morning and evening. Harvested okra when its about 2-3 inches long. Delay in harvesting may make the vegetable fibrous and they loose their tendemess and taste.
Yield of Ladies finger
The yield of Bhendi/okra/Ladies finger varies from 7500quintal/ha Rainy season. 5000kg/ha summer season. Duration is 90-100 days respectively.
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