Mango is one of the preferred and most ancient fruits known to mankind and it is called the king of fruits. In addition to the delicious flavors of excellent flavor and attractive aroma, it is rich in vitamin A and C. Mango Botanical name is Mangifera indica L, and family is Anacardiaceae. Let us have a look at How to grow a mango tree or Mango plant information. Top five mango production country are India, China, Thailand, Indonesia, Mexico. Worldwise an area of 4946 thousand ha with a production 37.12 million ton (Approx).
10 Mango Health benefits
i) Prevent Hert Disease
ii) May help Treat Diabetes
iii) Improve Digestion
iv) Promote Healthy Sex
v) Aid Weight Loss
vi) Improve Eye Health
vii) Regulate Blood Pressure
viii) Boost Bone Health
ix) Promote Brain Health
x) Improve Hair Health
Mango plant information | How to grow a mango tree
Since mango season droughts in a seasonal tropical environment arise within a certain time. Mango can tolerate expansive from the tropical climate to the tropical area. This is the best result for low rainfall and low relative humidity in the flowering stage, fruit setting and Harvest required a warm to hot climate during the fruit development. The young tree killed by temperature below 0.50C. Mango tree cultivation best temperature is 24-290 C, but hot temperature (up to 480 C) cultivated just required trees are getting regular irrigation.
Mango grows all type of soil but light sands to heavy clays soil are very good. Alkaline soil not suitable for successful mango cultivation. The soil with very inferior, rocky and solid layers should be avoided. Check your soil PH to see it is a sufficient acidity range. The trees have grown well in the soil that has a PH of 4.5-7. Prepare the soil so that it spreads to about three feet deep because it will give plenty of space to spread the roots.
Top 10 Variety are- Pairi (May-June), Himsagar (April-May), Safeda (April-June), Totapuri(June-July), Alphonso (May-June), Neelam (May-July), Dussehri(June-July), Kesar (June-July), Langra (July-August), and Chausa (July-August).
More information Mango variety then study this article.
Mango planting season (Mango plant information)
Planting usually done in July to August in rainfed areas and February to March in irrigated areas.
The spacing distance is 10m. x 10m. and 12m. x 12m. in dry and moist zones. In model scheme spacing of 8m. x8m. (63 plants per acre). Physical higher growth plants spacing required of 13m. x 13m.
Training and Pruning (Mango plant information)
From the base of the main trunk should be kept free from the almost one-meter branch and after 20-25 centimeters away from the original stem, this can be separated so that they increase from different directions. The branches that can fracture each other on each other may move the pencil thickly.
In general Urea 160-180gm, Single super Phosphate 110-120gm and potash 110-115gm per plant/year. If you want to study more knowledge about Mango fertilizers required then study this article.
Irrigation (Mango plant information)
Mango trees are strongly in nature, so less water is needed than other commercial fruits trees. Then you should be irrigated at an interval of8 to 12 days. Irrigation is not recommended for 2-3 months because flowering as it is likely to promote vegetable growth at the expense of flowering. When the mango three come fruits this stage about two irrigation is essential.
Mango tree Pest and diseases control
Mango tree diseases totally damage mango fruits then down market value. so how to control mango tree diseases, and How to control Mango pest, read this article there fully describe.
Harvesting and yield (Mango plant information)
When mango color is changed to dark green to light green, and harvesting after start few fruits dropping the morning time. Harvested fruits are kept on gunny bags under shade.
when 3-4 years old a mango gives 10-20 fruits per year, 5 years later a mango tree gives 50-80 fruits per year, 10 years old a mango tree gives 400-500 fruit, And when a mango tree age of 20 plus age they give 1000-3000 fruits per year.