onion plant cultivation guide– The onion is one of the important crops in India and very generally grows in farmers. Onion belongs to the family is Amaryllidaceae with botanical name Allium cepa. In the world onion plant cultivation guide/onion cultivation total area North America, Japan, Spain, Canada etc, and India is growing in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana.
onion plant cultivation guide
10 major Onion health benefits
i) Prevent cancer
ii) Treat Heart Ailments
iii) Boost Immunity
iv) Give vitamin A
v) Prevent Diabetes
vi) Improve immunity
vii) Lowers cholesterol
viii) Lowers blood pressure
ix) Bone Density
x) Anti Inflammatory
Required climate (onion plant cultivation guide)
Onion is the cool season crops. It is grown during winter season and harvest before the real hot season begins. It is adapted to the temperature range of 13-240 C for vegetable stage and 16-210 C for the bulbing stage, 30-350 C maturity to harvest.
Kharif season May-September
Late Kharif season August-February
Rabi season October-April
Seed quantity for onion cultivation
The onion seed require is 8-10kg/ha (1ha= 2.48 acres)
Seed treatment – Seeds can be treated with Azaspirillum@400gm/kg, Apply VAM 1kg/sq.m in the beds.
Soil required for onion farming
Onion can be grown in all types of soils such as sandy loam, clay loam, silt loam and heavy soils. The soil for successful onion cultivation in deep, friable loom and alluvial soil with good drainage, moisture holding capacity and sufficient organic matter. The soil PH is 5.8-7.5
Land preparation for onion farming
The soil should be prepared to give by 6-5 ploughings to make friable. Supplement the field with 25 tons of Fym or vermicompost in the last ploughing.
Irrigation onion plant cultivation guide
Most onions require about 30 inches of water per season to grow a good crop with drip irrigation. After transplanting the plant, irrigation should be given for proper establishment. The drip irrigation is to provide about 0.3-0.4 inches/day or flat irrigation should be given weekly interval. Fast look the soil will be overly dry around an under-watered crop and check may become. Irrigation should be stopped 15-20 days before attaining maternity for important the keeping quality of bulbs.
The crop should be kept weed free for good production yield and loss fertilizers. If any wed come then apply Fluchloralin @1.0kg/ha or Pendimethalin @3.5lit/ha.
Follow harvesting of onion bulbs at the right stage of maturity. It is important in deriding storage life of onion as bulbs may be should for about six months when about 50% neck happens, onion crop can be the harvest.
Yield of onion
On an average, the crop yields about –
Kharif 12-20 ton/ha
Late Kharif 30-34ton/ha
Marketing ‘onion plant cultivation guide’
Marketing is very easy, when onion harvested then you can supply to local market, cold store, retail stores etc.
For more information, Indian onion cultivation information Click here