Papaya plant information-The papaya is one of the important delicious fruits crop grown in the tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Total papaya annual world production is estimated at 6 million tones of fruits, India leads the world in papaya production with an annual of about 3 million tones. Papaya plant information– family name is coricaeae, and its botanical name is Carica papaya. Top papaya production countries in the world – India, Brazil, Indonesia, Nigeria, Mexico. The papaya is highly productive and its easy to grow as short duration crop.
Papaya plant information guide
Papaya Health benefits/ Papaya fruit benefit
i) Its promote weight loss.
ii) It provides relief from a toothache
iii) It helps in skin care.
iv) It has anticancer propertics.
v) It prevent arthritis
vi) Papaya good for macular degeneration
vii) Papaya provide vitamin A,B-9, C.
viii) Papaya prevent for diabetics.
ix) Papaya great for your eyes.
x) Papaya promotes hair growth.
Climate require for papaya farming
Papaya is a tropical plant that grows best in warmer climates. The night temperature below 12-140 C for several hours during winter season affects its growth and production severely. It is very much sensitive to frost, strong winds and water stagnation. Papaya cool winter condition will slow growth plant have to be protected by covering with gunny bags under North India condition.
The temperature of the locality influences the types of flower and fruit that are formed on a tree.
Variety for Papaya plant information
Papaya varieties is pusa Dwarf, pusa Giant, Pusa Majesty, pusa Delicious, Pusa Dwarf, Washington, Ranchi, Taiwan-786 etc.
Soil require for papaya cultivation
Papaya as a filter is grown plants to sub mountains areas. Papaya best performance has been observed on rich looms of uniform texture up to about 15cm deep with PH range of 6.5 to 7.0 They can grow in most kinds of soils but it must be well drained, when water stagnation for few days can be harmful.
Planting for papaya cultivation
Papaya cultivation planting during time is spring (February-March), Monsoon(June-July), and autumn(October-November).
Papaya trees must be spaced 8-10 feet a part from each other.
For better growth, production and quality the optimum soil moisture is maintained by irrigation the crop Judiciously. Papaya plant information require to irrigate every two weeks for winter season and 9-10 days in summer season. Drip irrigation system is be given per plant per day should be world out critically.
Fertilizer for papaya farming
Apply FYM or Compost or Vermi compost 10kg/plant and chemical fertilizer dosing is 50gm each of N:P:K , Apply 20gm each of Azospirillum and phosphobacterium.
After one month go you can apply Calcium Nitrate-15kg, Zinc sulphate 15kg, Humic acid 5kg Potash 50kg per Acre.
Then papaya plant will be three month you can apply DAP-75kg, Potash-75kg per Acre.
Then plant will be goes to 6 month you can apply DAP-75kg, Micro Nutrient 10kg, Potash 75kg, Ammonium Sulphate 30kg, Magnesium sulphate 30kg per Acre.
Every six month goes you can apply the last 6 month dosing.
It is easy to identify the papaya fruits which are ready for harvesting. Fruit thinning should be done to get well sized fruits. Proper size is attained after 5-6 month of flowering. Near ripening fruits change colour from green to yellowish green. Fruits should be harvest maturity.
The economic life of papaya plant is only 3- 4years.
Approx yield /year kg/ha
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