Ridge gourd cultivation information– The summertime ridge gourd cultivation in the world. Ridge gourd is the very important vegetable and it can be grown throughout the year. Ridge gourd belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family and its Botanical name is Lufa acutangula. These plants do not require much attention. However, by putting in a little more effort you will enjoy a great yield from some plant from with you used to harvest very few fruits only.
Ridge gourd cultivation information
10 best health benefits of ridge gourd
i) Care for Jaundice
ii) Excellent blood purifier
iii) Beneficial for diabetes
iv) Help weight loss
v) Advantage for skin care
vi) Anti-inflammatory and antibiotics
vii) Good for stomach
viii) Being rich in fibers, minerals and vitamins and low in fats and calories.
ix) Advantage for blood cleansing properties
x) Allergy protection
Common name of ridge gourd
Angled luffa, Ridged luffa
Planting spreads during July and January.
The ridge gourd seeds rate is 4-5kg/ha.
At first, take seeds with Trichoderma viride 4gm/kg or Carbendazim 2gm/kg mixing before sowing.
Common varieties of ridge gourd
CO-2, CO-1, Pusa Nutan, Pusa Nader, Pusa Torai, PKM 1, Arka Sujat this the best variety in India.
Soil required for ridge gourd
Usually, ridge gourd can be grown in a wide range of soils. When preparing ridge gourd seeds beds site, amend the soil with organic matter, such compost or FYM manure. You can spread a 2-inch layer of organic matter on the site and work in the soil as a depth of 6-8 inch.
When you can prepare soil on the main field prepared thoroughly by 4-5 ploughings and soil PH range is 6.5-7.5 for ridge gourd cultivation information. When you last ploughings the properly mixed organic manures.
Climate required for ridge gourd farming
Ridge gourd cultivation very well in a warm and hot climate. The optimum temperature is 24-300 C, If you live in an area with the short growing season, you can start seeds indoors four weeks prior to transplanting outdoors.
Transplanting( ridge gourd seeds cultivation)
The seeds can be directly sowed three numbers in a pit or can be grown initially in a polythene bag field with same soil and transplanted at the pits after a healthy growth of the plant.
Method of sowing
The seed is sown by the dibbling method at a spacing of 1.5-2.0 x 1.0-1.5m. Two-three seeds are sown in each pit.
Irrigation for ridge gourd cultivation information
Irrigation depends on the season and soil moisture holding capacity. Drip irrigation methods are most beneficial in the ridge gourd farming. The summer season should be irrigated just after sowing and subsequent irrigation is given at 4-6 days interval and rainy season crop don’t irrigation this time.
Fast time land prepared you can apply 20-25ton/ha compost/ vermicompost/ FYM. Chemical fertilizers you can apply N:P:K 250: 100:100 kg/ha Land preparation time apply ½ N,used full phosphorus(P) and Potash (k). After 30days of sowing then more ½ N apply you.
Fast harvested start depending on the variety. Then ridge gourd becomes ready for harvest from 50-60 days of sowing. Ridge gourd is long care must make sure the vegetable is hanging is a downward direction. This fruit should be harvested the weekly interval by cutting them with a knife.
Yield (ridge gourd cultivation information)
Yield depends on many factors like variety, climate, soil, and management practices. On an average ridge gourd yield is about 75-100 quintal/ha.