Soybeans are an edible legume that is very nutrients. Soybean is one of the most stable Kharif crops in India. Let us have a look at Soybean plant information. Soybean botanical name is “Glycine max” and family is ‘Legumes’. Its cultivated country is the USA, Brazil, Argentina, China, India, Paraguay, Canada and many more. Soybean contains 20% high-quality oils and 40% protein. Besides this, it also a source of vitamin B complex, thiamine, and riboflavin.
Soybean plant information
Top 10 health benefits for Soybean
ii) Improve Bone Health
iii) Boost Digestion
iv) Boost Heart Health
v) Prevent Cancer
vi) Control weight
vii) Improving your sleep.
viii) Improving circulation and oxygenation
ix) Improve your digestive health
x) Make hair Shine
Climate Required for Soybean
Soybeans will be grown in many different climates but today discuss best within a certain range. Soybean cultivation required a cool temperature. The temperature ranges from 26 to 300 C but mostly depends on the soybean varieties. Soil temperature 160 C or above for very good germination. A low temperature may cause to delay the flowering.
Soil required (Soybean plant information)
Soybean is highly adaptable and will be grown in most soils, although they can have trouble in heavy clay. PH range between 6.0-7.5 is most favorable for soybean farming. Water stay then damage to soybean roots, rainy season time required good soil drainage.
Variety of Soybean
i) M.A.C.S.-57, ii) M.A.C.S.-13, iii) M.A.C.S.-124, iv) PK-472,J.S.-80, v) J.S.-335, vi)P.K.- 1029, vii) Punjab 1, viii) Pusa-16, ix) Pusa 22, x) Pusa-24, xi) Pusa-20, xii) Type 49.
Seed rate of soybean cultivation
- Small grain varieties- 70kg/ha
- Medium grain variety-80kg/ha
- Large grain variety- 100kg/ha
Best season of seed sowing
Best season of seed sowing – 3rd week of June to 2nd week of July.
Soybean seeds should be treated with rhizobium culture or Carbendazim or Trichoderma viride 4gm/kg of seeds
Seed spacing and depth
- 45-60cm x 2.5cm for Kharif crop and 30-45cm x 2.5cm during spring season.
- 3-4cm light soils and 2-3cm in heavy soils.
Fertilizers required (Soybean plant information)
Apply organic fertilizers Farm yard manure or Compost or Vermicompost 5 ton/ha. Apply Inorganic fertilizers 40kg Urea, 360kg Superphosphate, 50kg Muriate of potash, 25kg Zinc sulphate and 10kg Borax.
Irrigation required for soybean
In the Kharif season does not require irrigation, it is grown rainfed. In the summer and spring season irrigation needs 5-6 times. During the rainy season make sure crop soil has proper drainage to avoid waterlogging.
Soybean Pest and Diseases control
If you cultivated then facing many problems so one by one discuss that
Soybean insect pest management
Soybean plant diseases
Soybean plant period range from 50-145 days but depends on the varieties. When all the leaves turn yellow and fall off and stalk stand only with pods. Cut the entire plant when most of the pods have turned yellow during the processing and fully watch harvest time moisture content in the seeds should be 15%.
The Yield of Soybean for Soybean plant information
Its fully depends on the variety of seed cultivation, average yield production is 20-35 quintal/ha.